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Abercromby, Sir Robert (1740?–1827), army officer and administrator in India

Raymond Callahan.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1225 words.

Abercromby, Sir Robert (1740?–1827), army officer and administrator in India, son of George Abercromby (1705–1800) of Tullibody and his wife, Mary, née Dundas (d. 1767), was baptized at his...

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Adair, John

Donna Grear Parker.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; State and Local Government; Military History; Land Forces and Warfare. 1165 words.

Adair, John (09 January 1757–19 May 1840), soldier, politician, and governor of Kentucky, was born in Chester County, South Carolina, the son of Baron William Adair and Mary Moore. Little...

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Allen, Ethan (1738–1789), revolutionary army officer and politician in America

Michael A. Bellesîles.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Politics; Revolutions and Rebellions; US Politics; Military History; Land Forces and Warfare. 1347 words.

Allen, Ethan (1738–1789), revolutionary army officer and politician in America, was born on 10 January 1738 in Litchfield, Connecticut, the eldest of the seven children of Joseph Allen...

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Allen, Henry Watkins

Kathryn D. Snavely.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; US Politics; State and Local Government; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 1382 words.

Allen, Henry Watkins (29 April 1820–22 April 1866), Confederate soldier and governor of Louisiana, was born in Prince Edward County, Virginia, the son of Thomas Allen, a physician, and Ann...

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Ames, Adelbert

Brooks D. Simpson.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; State and Local Government; Military History; Land Forces and Warfare. 1031 words.

Ames, Adelbert (31 October 1835–13 April 1933), soldier and politician, was born in Rockland, Maine, the son of Jesse Ames, a sea captain, and Martha B. Tolman. After spending some time at...

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Anza, Juan Bautista de

Michael Mathes.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; World History; Maps and Map-making; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 890 words.

Anza, Juan Bautista de (07 July 1736–19 December 1788), military commander, explorer, and governor, was born in the presidio of Fronteras, Sonora, Mexico, the son of Juan Bautista de Anza,...

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Arbuthnot, Marriot (1711–1794), naval officer and colonial governor

Julian Gwyn.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Naval Forces and Warfare; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1509 words.

Arbuthnot, Marriot (1711–1794), naval officer and colonial governor, was born in Weymouth, the son of John Arbuthnott. He entered the navy about 1727, and passed his lieutenant's...

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Armstrong, John

Robert Grant Crist and Patrick G. Williams.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Architecture; US Politics; Military History; Land Forces and Warfare. 1263 words.

Armstrong, John (13 October 1717–09 March 1795), soldier, surveyor, and member of the Continental Congress, was born in County Fermanagh, Ulster, Ireland. The identities of his Scotch-Irish...

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Armstrong, John, Jr.

C. Edward Skeen.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; Military History; Land Forces and Warfare. 1208 words.

Armstrong, John, Jr. (25 November 1758–01 April 1843), soldier and politician, was born in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, the son of John Armstrong and Rebecca Lyon. His father, a surveyor and a...

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Ashe, John

Joshua L. McKaughan.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Military History; Land Forces and Warfare. 1219 words.

Ashe, John (1720?–24 October 1781), colonial politician and military officer, was born in the Albemarle Sound region of North Carolina, the son of John Baptista Ashe, an assemblyman, and...

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