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America’s Wars on Poverty and the Building of the Welfare State

David Torstensson.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: US History since 1945; Urban History; Labour History. 11580 words.

On January 5, 2014—the fiftieth anniversary of President Lyndon Johnson’s launch of the War on Poverty—the New York Times asked a panel of opinion leaders a simple question: “Does the U.S....

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American Labor and Working-Class History, 1900–1945

Jeffrey Helgeson.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online August 2016 .

Article. Subjects: US History 1900 - 1945; Urban History; Labour History. 14243 words.

Early 20th century American labor and working-class history is a subfield of American social history that focuses attention on the complex lives of working people in a rapidly changing...

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The Anti-Chinese Massacre in Los Angeles as a Reconstruction-Era Event

Victor Jew.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online August 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Civil War and Reconstruction US History; Urban History; US History (Immigration and Ethnicity); Western US History. 9023 words.

Long regarded as a violent outburst significant mainly for California history, the 1871 Los Angeles anti-Chinese massacre raises themes central to America’s Civil War Reconstruction era...

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Architecture in Mexico City, 1940–1980

Kathryn E. O’Rourke.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

Article. Subjects: Latin American History; Modern History (1700 to 1945); Contemporary History (Post 1945); Social and Cultural History; Urban History. 292 words.

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History. Please check back later for the full article.

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The Asian American Movement

Daryl Joji Maeda.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online June 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Political History; Urban History; US History (Immigration and Ethnicity). 7615 words.

The Asian American Movement was a social movement for racial justice, most active during the late 1960s through the mid-1970s, which brought together people of various Asian ancestries in...

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Asian Americans and the 1992 Los Angeles Riots/Uprising

Shelley Sang-Hee Lee.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online March 2015 .

Article. Subjects: African American History; US History (Immigration and Ethnicity); US Cultural History; Urban History. 9661 words.

Although the 1992 Los Angeles riots have been described as a “race riot” sparked by the acquittals of a group of mostly white police officers charged with excessively beating black motorist...

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The Dominican Colmado from Santo Domingo to New York

Christian Krohn-Hansen.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online August 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Caribbean History; Social and Cultural History; Urban History. 8928 words.

The colmado, or the small village or street-corner store, is a Dominican institution. It is typically a general store for basic foodstuffs, cleaning products, toiletries, soft drinks, beer,...

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Espiritismo and Urban Planning in Cuba: Envisioning Regeneration in Havana and Oriente after 1898

Reinaldo L. Román.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online September 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Caribbean History; History of Religion; Urban History. 11902 words.

Espiritismo refers to the practice of communicating with the spirits of the dead by means of especially disposed and trained persons known as mediums. Linked in origin to the...

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Food in 19th-Century American Cities

Cindy R. Lobel.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online April 2016 .

Article. Subjects: US History 1870-1900; US Cultural History; Urban History; History of Science and Technology. 9293 words.

Over the course of the 19th century, American cities developed from small seaports and trading posts to large metropolises. Not surprisingly, foodways and other areas of daily life changed...

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Gentrification in the United States

Suleiman Osman.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online May 2016 .

Article. Subjects: US History 1900 - 1945; US History since 1945; Urban History. 8778 words.

Gentrification is one of the most controversial issues in American cities today. But it also remains one of the least understood. Few agree on how to define it or whether it is boon or...

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