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Ablative technologies for renal cancer

Stephen Faddegon, Ephrem O. Olweny and Jeffrey A. Cadeddu.

in Oxford Textbook of Urological Surgery

September 2017; p ublished online November 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Surgery; Urology. 8721 words.

Nearly two-thirds of newly detected renal masses are clinical stage 1, with T1a tumours accounting for 60% of the newly detected stage 1 tumours. Guideline panels convened by the American...

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Abnormalities of the bladder

Peter Cuckow.

in Oxford Textbook of Urological Surgery

September 2017; p ublished online November 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Surgery; Urology. 2852 words.

Anatomical and functional reconstruction of the bladder exstrophy/epispadias complex of anomalies presents paediatric urologists with one of their greatest challenges. Nevertheless, very...

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Acute kidney injury

Edward Sharples.

in Oxford Textbook of Urological Surgery

September 2017; p ublished online November 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Surgery; Urology. 4938 words.

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common, major cause of morbidity and mortality in hospitalized patients, and contributes significantly to length of stay and hence costs. Large...

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Adenocarcinoma of the bladder

Roy Mano and Ofer Yossepowitch.

in Oxford Textbook of Urological Surgery

September 2017; p ublished online November 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Surgery; Urology. 6413 words.

Adenocarcinoma of the bladder accounts for 0.5–2 of bladder tumours. Risk factors include bladder exstrophy, bladder augmentation, schistosomiasis, and endometriosis. Bladder adenocarcinoma...

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Adrenocortical cancer

Steve Ball and Sajid Kalathil.

in Oxford Textbook of Urological Surgery

September 2017; p ublished online November 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Surgery; Urology. 4848 words.

Adrenocortical cancer (ACC) is rare and associated with poor prognosis. The incidence is estimated at 0.7–2 cases per one million. Overall survival rate at five years for ACC is 37–47%....

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Adrenocortical carcinoma posing as a pheochromocytoma: a diagnostic dilemma

Sumita Jain, Lakshman Agarwal, Shravan Nadkarni, Atul Ameta, Ashish Goyal, Ranjan Kumar, Arjun Rao and Kamalkant Gupta.

in Journal of Surgical Case Reports

P ublished online May 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Urology. 1202 words.

Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is a malignant tumour arising from the adrenal cortex, whereas pheochromocytoma is a tumour of the adrenal medulla with occasional presence at extra-adrenal...

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The aetiology, epidemiology, clinical features, and investigation of kidney cancer

Nilay Patel, David Cranston and Mark Sullivan.

in Oxford Textbook of Urological Surgery

September 2017; p ublished online November 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Surgery; Urology. 11122 words.

Over 270,000 patients worldwide are diagnosed with renal cancer every year. It is the most lethal of all urological malignancies, with 33–44% of patients dying as a result of the disease....

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The ageing male

Geoffrey I Hackett.

in Oxford Textbook of Urological Surgery

September 2017; p ublished online November 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Surgery; Urology. 10059 words.

For over 40 years, physicians have been aware of the importance of hormonal changes associated with male ageing. As patients now expect to live full and rewarding lives into their eighties...

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Anatomy, neurophysiology, and pharmacological control mechanisms of the bladder

Donna Daly and Christopher Chapple.

in Oxford Textbook of Urological Surgery

September 2017; p ublished online November 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Surgery; Urology. 11334 words.

The lower urinary tract has two main functions; the collection and low pressure storage of urine and periodical controlled elimination of urine at an appropriate time. In order to achieve...

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Antimicrobial agents

Katherine E. Walton and Sally Ager.

in Oxford Textbook of Urological Surgery

September 2017; p ublished online November 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Surgery; Urology. 10275 words.

Antimicrobial resistance is a growing problem, which can be exacerbated by inappropriate use of antimicrobial agents. An understanding of the judicious use of antimicrobial agents, also...

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