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Aerosols and Climate

Bjørn H. Samset.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science

P ublished online October 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Atmospheric Sciences; Earth Sciences and Geography; Meteorology and Climatology. 9416 words.

Among the factors that affect the climate, few are as diverse and challenging to understand as aerosols. Minute particles suspended in the atmosphere, aerosols are emitted through a wide...

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The Atmosphere: A Very Short Introduction

Paul I. Palmer.

March 2017; p ublished online March 2017 .

Book. Subjects: Atmospheric Sciences. 152 pages.

The atmosphere is the thin, diffuse fluid that envelops the Earth’s surface. Despite its apparent fragility, the existence of this fluid is vital for human and other life on Earth. The...

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Atmospheric composition

Paul I. Palmer.

in The Atmosphere: A Very Short Introduction

March 2017; p ublished online March 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Atmospheric Sciences. 7335 words.

Nitrogen, oxygen, and argon represent more than 99.9% of the air we breathe. But Earth’s atmosphere hasn’t always had that composition—it is on at least its third distinctive atmosphere....

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Atmospheric measurements

Paul I. Palmer.

in The Atmosphere: A Very Short Introduction

March 2017; p ublished online March 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Atmospheric Sciences. 5017 words.

Measurements of the atmosphere improve the performance weather forecasts, underpin our understanding of Earth’s changing environment, and help inform climate models that are used to look at...

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Atmospheric motion

Paul I. Palmer.

in The Atmosphere: A Very Short Introduction

March 2017; p ublished online March 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Atmospheric Sciences. 3999 words.

Solar activity is the main driver for Earth’s large-scale atmospheric motion. Due to the Earth’s tilt, lower latitudes receive more energy from the Sun that they emit back to space, while...

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Atmospheric physics

Paul I. Palmer.

in The Atmosphere: A Very Short Introduction

March 2017; p ublished online March 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Atmospheric Sciences. 6976 words.

Earth’s atmosphere is tied closely with the Sun. The Sun emits electromagnetic radiation at a wide range of wavelengths. Radiation is transported through the atmosphere by transmission,...

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Dynamics of the Indian Summer Monsoon Climate

B.N. Goswami and Soumi Chakravorty.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science

P ublished online April 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Atmospheric Sciences. 15150 words.

Lifeline for about one-sixth of the world’s population in the subcontinent, the Indian summer monsoon (ISM) is an integral part of the annual cycle of the winds (reversal of winds with...

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Ecohydrological Concepts of Water-Vegetation Interaction in the Drylands of Africa

A. Johannes Dolman, Luis U. Vilasa-Abad and Thomas A. J. Janssen.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science

P ublished online May 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Atmospheric Sciences; Earth Sciences and Geography; Oceanography and Hydrology. 7211 words.

Drylands cover around 40% of the land surface on Earth and are inhabited by more than 2 billion people, who are directly dependent on these lands. Drylands are characterized by a highly...

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Formation and Development of Convective Storms

Jeff Trapp.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science

Article. Subjects: Atmospheric Sciences. 298 words.

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science. Please check back later for the full article.

Dee...

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Impact of Land–Atmosphere Interactions on Sahel Climate

Yongkang Xue.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Atmospheric Sciences. 11737 words.

The Sahel of Africa has been identified as having the strongest land–atmosphere (L/A) interactions on Earth. The Sahelian L/A interaction studies started in the late 1970s. However, due to...

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