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Aerosols and Climate

Bjørn H. Samset.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science

P ublished online October 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Atmospheric Sciences. 9413 words.

Among the factors that affect the climate, few are as diverse and challenging to understand as aerosols. Minute particles suspended in the atmosphere, aerosols are emitted through a wide...

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The Atmosphere: A Very Short Introduction

Paul I. Palmer.

March 2017; p ublished online March 2017 .

Book. Subjects: Atmospheric Sciences. 152 pages.

The atmosphere is the thin, diffuse fluid that envelops the Earth’s surface. Despite its apparent fragility, the existence of this fluid is vital for human and other life on Earth. The...

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Atmospheric composition

Paul I. Palmer.

in The Atmosphere: A Very Short Introduction

March 2017; p ublished online March 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Atmospheric Sciences. 7335 words.

Nitrogen, oxygen, and argon represent more than 99.9% of the air we breathe. But Earth’s atmosphere hasn’t always had that composition—it is on at least its third distinctive atmosphere....

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Atmospheric measurements

Paul I. Palmer.

in The Atmosphere: A Very Short Introduction

March 2017; p ublished online March 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Atmospheric Sciences. 5017 words.

Measurements of the atmosphere improve the performance weather forecasts, underpin our understanding of Earth’s changing environment, and help inform climate models that are used to look at...

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Atmospheric motion

Paul I. Palmer.

in The Atmosphere: A Very Short Introduction

March 2017; p ublished online March 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Atmospheric Sciences. 3999 words.

Solar activity is the main driver for Earth’s large-scale atmospheric motion. Due to the Earth’s tilt, lower latitudes receive more energy from the Sun that they emit back to space, while...

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Atmospheric physics

Paul I. Palmer.

in The Atmosphere: A Very Short Introduction

March 2017; p ublished online March 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Atmospheric Sciences. 6976 words.

Earth’s atmosphere is tied closely with the Sun. The Sun emits electromagnetic radiation at a wide range of wavelengths. Radiation is transported through the atmosphere by transmission,...

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Impact of Land–Atmosphere Interactions on Sahel Climate

Yongkang Xue.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Atmospheric Sciences. 11704 words.

The Sahel of Africa has been identified as having the strongest land–atmosphere (L/A) interactions on Earth. The Sahelian L/A interaction studies started in the late 1970s. However, due to...

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Our future atmosphere

Paul I. Palmer.

in The Atmosphere: A Very Short Introduction

March 2017; p ublished online March 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Atmospheric Sciences. 2104 words.

There is still much about Earth’s atmosphere we do not fully understand, which limits our ability to predict large-scale changes to the atmosphere. As Earth’s climate changes new scientific...

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Tornadoes and Their Parent Convective Storms

Howard B. Bluestein.

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography; Natural Disasters (Environmental Science); Atmospheric Sciences. 20604 words.

In the past four decades much has been discovered about tornado formation and structure from observations, laboratory models, and numerical-simulation experiments. Observations include...

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What is special about Earth’s atmosphere?

Paul I. Palmer.

in The Atmosphere: A Very Short Introduction

March 2017; p ublished online March 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Atmospheric Sciences. 5230 words.

‘What is special about Earth’s atmosphere?’ describes the several interconnected layers that make up Earth’s atmosphere before considering the atmospheres of other planets. Each layer has...

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