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Adaptation to Current and Future Climate in Pastoral Communities Across Africa

Edna Wangui.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science

P ublished online January 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography; Natural Disasters (Environmental Science); Meteorology and Climatology. 12635 words.

Pastoralists around the world are exposed to climate change and increasing climate variability. Various downscaled regional climate models in Africa support community reports of rising...

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Adaptive Governance

Ronald D. Brunner and Amanda H. Lynch.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science

P ublished online October 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography; Natural Disasters (Environmental Science). 14183 words.

Adaptive governance is defined by a focus on decentralized decision-making structures and procedurally rational policy, supported by intensive natural and social science. Decentralized...

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Assessing Volcanic Hazard

Joan Martí Molist.

P ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Natural Disasters (Environmental Science); Geology and the Lithosphere; Geophysics. 26578 words.

Volcanoes represent complex geological systems capable of generating many dangerous phenomena. To evaluate and manage volcanic risk, we need first to assess volcanic hazard (i.e., identify...

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Assessing Volcanic Hazard

Joan Martí Molist.

P ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Natural Disasters (Environmental Science); Geology and the Lithosphere; Geophysics. 26578 words.

Volcanoes represent complex geological systems capable of generating many dangerous phenomena. To evaluate and manage volcanic risk, we need first to assess volcanic hazard (i.e., identify...

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Assessment and Adaptation to Climate Change-Related Flood Risks

Brenden Jongman, Hessel C. Winsemius, Stuart A. Fraser, Sanne Muis and Philip J. Ward.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Natural Hazard Science

P ublished online February 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Social Impact of Environmental Issues (Environmental Science); Natural Disasters (Environmental Science); Climate Change. 10593 words.

The flooding of rivers and coastlines is the most frequent and damaging of all natural hazards. Between 1980 and 2016, total direct damages exceeded $1.6 trillion, and at least 225,000...

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Climate and Health across Africa

Benjamin F. Zaitchik.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science

P ublished online April 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography; Natural Disasters (Environmental Science); Meteorology and Climatology; Social Impact of Environmental Issues (Environmental Science). 18587 words.

Humans have understood the importance of climate to human health since ancient times. In some cases, the connections appear to be obvious: a flood can cause drownings, a drought can lead to...

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Climate Change Adaptation

Philipp Schmidt-Thomé.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science

P ublished online February 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Natural Disasters (Environmental Science). 11889 words.

Climate change adaptation is the ability of a society or a natural system to adjust to the (changing) conditions that support life in a certain climate region, including weather extremes in...

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Climate Change Adaptation Strategies of Local Governments in Japan

Kenshi Baba, Masahiro Matsuura, Taiko Kudo, Shigeru Watanabe, Shun Kawakubo, Akiko Chujo, Hiroharu Tanaka and Mitsuru Tanaka.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science

P ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography; Natural Disasters (Environmental Science); Meteorology and Climatology. 6597 words.

The latest climate change adaptation strategies adopted by local governments in Japan are discussed. A nationwide survey demonstrates several significant findings. While some prefectures...

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Climate Change Communication and Indigenous Publics

Candis Callison.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science

P ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Natural Disasters (Environmental Science); Communication Studies. 12575 words.

Indigenous experiences with climate change have become increasingly visible through media stories of rising sea levels, heavy storms, and coastal erosion due to climate change in places as...

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The Climate Change Regime

Philipp Pattberg and Oscar Widerberg.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science

P ublished online December 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography; Natural Disasters (Environmental Science); Meteorology and Climatology. 13289 words.

In 1992, when the international community agreed on the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the science of climate change was under development, global...

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