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Anatomy of the Expression of Emotions

Michael J. Aminoff.

in Sir Charles Bell

September 2016; p ublished online September 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; History of Medicine; History of Neuroscience. 10663 words.

A discussion of medical artists, wax modeling, and medical museums in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries is followed by an account of Charles Bell’s enormously successful book, Essays...

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Attitudes

Dieter Schmidt and Simon Shorvon.

in The End of Epilepsy?

August 2016; p ublished online October 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Neuroscience; History of Medicine. 6734 words.

It could be argued that the greatest advance in the field of epilepsy in the modern era has nothing to do with medicine, is not electroencephalography or magnetic resonance imaging or...

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Behind the Glories of War

Michael J. Aminoff.

in Sir Charles Bell

September 2016; p ublished online September 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; History of Medicine; History of Neuroscience. 7744 words.

The Peninsular War (1807–1814), contemporary military medical services, the famous British retreat to Corunna and evacuation from Spain to England, and the care and treatment of the wounded...

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Cajal and Dream Research

Benjamin Ehrlich.

in The Dreams of Santiago Ramón y Cajal

November 2016; p ublished online December 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Neuroscience. 1261 words.

Cajal published a total of about three hundred and fifty scientific articles. The majority of these are concerned with the structure of the nervous system, six of them are on the subject of...

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Cajal and Freudianism in Spain

Benjamin Ehrlich.

in The Dreams of Santiago Ramón y Cajal

November 2016; p ublished online December 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Neuroscience. 1789 words.

Spain was among the countries most receptive to Freud and psychoanalysis. Cajal was trying to make biology lead into psychophysiology; thus, the two neurologists were moving toward the same...

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Cajal and Psychology

Benjamin Ehrlich.

in The Dreams of Santiago Ramón y Cajal

November 2016; p ublished online December 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Neuroscience. 1832 words.

In the second half of the nineteenth century, psychological inquiry was shifting away from the realm of philosophy and into the natural sciences. The associationalist school believed that...

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Cajal’s Legacy

Benjamin Ehrlich.

in The Dreams of Santiago Ramón y Cajal

November 2016; p ublished online December 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Neuroscience. 3750 words.

This chapter looks into the legacy of Santiago Ramón y Cajal. Historians rank Cajal alongside more recognizable names such as Darwin and Pasteur among the greatest biologists of the...

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Cajal’s Psyche and His Readings of Freud

Benjamin Ehrlich.

in The Dreams of Santiago Ramón y Cajal

November 2016; p ublished online December 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Neuroscience. 2469 words.

Cajal’s interest in hypnosis and suggestion extended into the realm of dreams. After one promising paper, he did not address the subject for the next decade. At sixty-six years of age Cajal...

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Clinical Observations on the Nervous System

Michael J. Aminoff.

in Sir Charles Bell

September 2016; p ublished online September 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; History of Medicine; History of Neuroscience. 6262 words.

With his remarkable knowledge of anatomy and his analytical mind, Bell developed into an outstanding clinical neurologist even before the specialty had been invented. Thus it was that in...

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Comparing the Lives of Cajal and Freud

Benjamin Ehrlich.

in The Dreams of Santiago Ramón y Cajal

November 2016; p ublished online December 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Neuroscience. 2054 words.

Despite their many social and cultural differences, Santiago Ramón y Cajal and Sigmund Freud had more in common than one might naturally assume. Both attended and excelled in anatomy and...

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