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American Corrections: Reform Without Change

Karol Lucken and Thomas G. Blomberg.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sentencing and Corrections

April 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Prisons and Jails; Corrections. 8459 words.

This article outlines the corrections system of America. It traces the history of the corrections system and offers some observations on what led to the massive prison buildup. It considers...

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Capital Punishment, Closure, and Media

Jody Madeira.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online November 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Corrections; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 7784 words.

In contemporary society, “closure” refers to “end to a traumatic event or an emotional process” (Berns, 2011, pp. 18–19)—and, in the more specific context of capital punishment, controversy...

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The Characteristics of Prisoners Returning Home and Effective Reentry Programs and Policies

Christy A. Visher and Jeremy Travis.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sentencing and Corrections

April 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Corrections; Prisons and Jails. 8680 words.

This article reports that rehabilitation for prisoners is still not dead. It reveals that prisoner reentry programs have been implemented nationwide for the past ten years, and that current...

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Disorder and Crime

Wesley G. Skogan.

in The Oxford Handbook of Crime Prevention

March 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Crime Prevention; Corrections. 7531 words.

This article takes a look at the roles disorder plays in relation to crime; one of these is its ability to cause other forms of crime. It lists the various definitions of disorder, and...

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The Effectiveness of Corrections-Based Work and Academic and Vocational Education Programs

Doris Layton MacKenzie.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sentencing and Corrections

April 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Corrections; Prisons and Jails. 11676 words.

This article studies the effectiveness of corrections-based work and academic and vocational education programs for offenders. It summarizes the present education, vocational, and work...

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Fines and Monetary Sanctions

Alexes Harris.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online April 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Corrections. 9842 words.

Despite the central role that fines and other fiscal penalties play in systems of criminal justice, they have received relatively little scholarly attention. Court systems impose fines and...

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Immigration Detention and Punishment

Sarah Turnbull.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Corrections. 9054 words.

The use of detention for immigration purposes is a carceral trend that continues to increase across the world and is a phenomenon no longer limited to so-called western countries or the...

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Incarceration Effects on Families

Sara Wakefield and Janet Garcia-Hallett.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Corrections. 8830 words.

The rapid rise in the incarceration rate, most notably in the United States over the last four decades, has drawn greater attention to the disabilities imposed by incarceration experiences...

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Incarceration Rates in an International Perspective

Marc Mauer.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online April 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Corrections. 9332 words.

A nation’s rate of incarceration is the number of people incarcerated as a proportion of its total population. Internationally, there is broad variation in the degree to which nations...

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Introduction Sentencing and Corrections: Overlapping and Inseparable Subjects

Joan Petersilia and Kevin R. Reitz.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sentencing and Corrections

April 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Courts and Procedure; Corrections; Prisons and Jails. 8200 words.

This article serves as an introduction to the concepts of sentencing and corrections, which are two inseparable subject areas. Sentencing is a legal process where criminal sanctions are...

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