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Adult Offender Assessment and Classification in Custodial Settings

James Bonta and J.S. Wormith.

in The Oxford Handbook of Prisons and Imprisonment

P ublished online November 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Prisons and Jails. 13262 words.

This chapter describes the developments that have occurred over the past three decades in the area of offender assessment and classification, including discussion of why offender...

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American Corrections: Reform Without Change

Karol Lucken and Thomas G. Blomberg.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sentencing and Corrections

April 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Prisons and Jails; Corrections. 8459 words.

This article outlines the corrections system of America. It traces the history of the corrections system and offers some observations on what led to the massive prison buildup. It considers...

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Brown v. Plata

Keramet Reiter and Natalie Pifer.

P ublished online June 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Prisons and Jails. 8711 words.

In 2011 the US Supreme Court declared healthcare in California’s prison system constitutionally inadequate under the Eighth Amendment and upheld an order to reduce the prison population by...

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The Characteristics of Prisoners Returning Home and Effective Reentry Programs and Policies

Christy A. Visher and Jeremy Travis.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sentencing and Corrections

April 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Corrections; Prisons and Jails. 8680 words.

This article reports that rehabilitation for prisoners is still not dead. It reveals that prisoner reentry programs have been implemented nationwide for the past ten years, and that current...

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The Collateral Effects of Imprisonment on Prisoners, Their Families, and Communities

Alec Ewald and Christopher Uggen.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sentencing and Corrections

April 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Prisons and Jails. 9346 words.

This article studies “invisible punishment” or the “collateral” consequences that follow convictions. It notes that these collateral consequences are sometimes caused by charges or arrests...

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A Comparison of British and American Policies for Managing Dangerous Prisoners

Roy D. King.

in The Oxford Handbook of Prisons and Imprisonment

P ublished online July 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Prisons and Jails; International and Comparative Criminology. 16264 words.

This essay traces the development of policies regarding difficult and dangerous prisoners in Britain and the United States from the 1960s to the present day. In essence policies about...

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Contemporary Penal Policies

Hilde Tubex.

P ublished online October 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Prisons and Jails. 11850 words.

This article provides an overview of the literature leading comparative penological research. Starting from the concept of “punitiveness” as measured in imprisonment rates, it explores and...

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Detention

William H. Barton.

in The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice; Prisons and Jails. 12173 words.

The term detention refers to that part of the juvenile justice system that handles youths between the time of their arrest and court hearings. Detention centers are secure facilities...

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Drugs and Prisons

Michael Wheatley, John R. Weekes, Andrea E. Moser and Kathleen Thibault.

in The Oxford Handbook of Prisons and Imprisonment

P ublished online February 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Prisons and Jails. 8613 words.

This essay explores how illegal drugs are linked to imprisonment, especially in the United States. First, the chapter considers statistics that demonstrate how the high U.S. imprisonment...

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The Effect of Prisons on Crime

Sarah Tahamont and Aaron Chalfin.

in The Oxford Handbook of Prisons and Imprisonment

P ublished online November 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Prisons and Jails. 12478 words.

This chapter presents empirical evidence regarding the (in)effectiveness of prisons for reducing crime. The authors begin with a brief discussion of the mechanisms through which...

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