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Correctional Programming and Gender

Gina Fedock and Stephanie S. Covington.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online December 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Corrections; Dimensions of Crime. 11880 words.

As the number of women under correctional supervision continues to increase in the United States, attention to gender within correctional programming is crucial as women offenders present...

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Immigration and Crime

Frances Bernat.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online April 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Forms of Crime; International and Comparative Criminology; Crime Prevention; Criminology; Dimensions of Crime. 10124 words.

In the context of crime, victimization, and immigration in the United States, research shows that people are afraid of immigrants because they think immigrants are a threat to their safety...

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Intimate Partner Violence

Emily Wright and Brandon Valgardson.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Dimensions of Crime. 12507 words.

Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious problem that affects many individuals and crosses national borders, religions, gender, sexual orientation, racial, and ethnic groups (Harvey,...

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Journalistic Depictions of Violence against Women in India

Meenakshi Gigi Durham.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online November 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Dimensions of Crime. 6336 words.

News narratives of violence against women in India are part of a larger discourse of Orientalism that began in the nascent years of the British Raj and continues into the present; these...

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Moving From Inequality: Housing Vouchers and Escaping Neighborhood Crime

Michael Lens.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online December 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Dimensions of Crime. 7846 words.

The Housing Choice Voucher (HCV) Program is the largest housing subsidy program in the United States, serving over 2.2 million households. Through the program, local public housing...

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Pathways to Crime

Breanna Boppre, Emily J. Salisbury and Jaclyn Parker.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online January 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Forms of Crime; Theories of Crime; Dimensions of Crime. 11295 words.

Scholarship in criminology has focused on individuals’ pathways to crime—how life experiences, often beginning during childhood, lead to criminality in adolescence or adulthood. General...

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Place-Based Simulation Modeling: Agent-Based Modeling and Virtual Environments

Nick Malleson, Alison Heppenstall and Andrew Crooks.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online January 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Dimensions of Crime; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 11104 words.

Since the earliest geographical explorations of criminal phenomena, scientists have come to the realization that crime occurrences can often be best explained by analysis at local scales....

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Risk Assessment

Tim Brennan, William Dieterich and William Oliver.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Dimensions of Crime. 16493 words.

From rudimentary conceptions of risk in the late 18th century, risk assessment slowly evolved toward a more multifaceted conceptualization of risk and progressed to more sophisticated...

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Sentencing Guideline Departures

Kimberly Kaiser.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online January 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Criminal Justice; Dimensions of Crime; Penology and Punishment. 7070 words.

Sentencing guidelines were created with the goal of reducing unwarranted disparities in sentencing outcomes based on race, gender, and other legally irrelevant characteristics in order to...

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Sex Crimes and the Media

Tanya Serisier.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online January 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Dimensions of Crime. 16140 words.

In media representations the term sex crimes most frequently refers to rape and child sexual abuse, although it can include a wider range of acts such as exhibitionism and voyeurism. While...

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