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African American Social Welfare History

Iris Carlton-LaNey.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online March 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Social Policy and Advocacy; Social Work Practice Settings; Poverty; Race and Ethnicity; Social Justice and Human Rights. 7450 words.

This article discusses the African American social welfare system that began to develop during the early 20th century. This social welfare system, designed by African Americans to serve...

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African Americans: Overview

Larry E. Davis, John M. Wallace and Trina R. Williams Shanks.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Social Policy and Advocacy; Social Work Practice Settings; Poverty; Race and Ethnicity; Social Justice and Human Rights. 8081 words.

African Americans have been a part of the nation's history for nearly four hundred years. Although their history includes the forced imposition of chattel slavery, the strict enforcement of...

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American Social Security System

Eric R. Kingson, Dana Bell and Sarah Shive.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Public Management and Administration; Care of the Elderly; Social Policy and Advocacy; Poverty. 9061 words.

This entry examines why our nation’s Social Security system was built, what it does, and what must be done to maintain and improve this foundational system for current and future...

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Capacity Development and Building

DeBrenna LaFa Agbényiga.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online December 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Public Management and Administration; International and Global Issues in Social Work; Social Work Macro Practice; Social Policy and Advocacy; Poverty. 11486 words.

As a profession, social workers must understand and work well within the realms of capacity development. This understanding is important because it provides a foundation for working at the...

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Community Economic Development

Margaret Sherrard Sherraden and Lisa Reyes Mason.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Social Work Macro Practice; Social Policy and Advocacy; Social Work Practice Settings; Poverty. 3859 words.

Community economic development (CED) is an integrated and community-driven approach to development aimed at generating wealth, capabilities, and empowerment in low-income and low-wealth...

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Disparities and Inequalities

King Davis and Hyejin Jung.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Poverty; Race and Ethnicity; Social Justice and Human Rights. 5966 words.

This entry defines the term disparity as measurable differences between groups on a number of indices. The term disparity originated in France in the 16th century and has been used as a...

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Disproportionality and Disparities

Rowena Fong, Ruth McRoy and Alan Dettlaff.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Poverty; Race and Ethnicity; Social Justice and Human Rights. 5872 words.

Racial disproportionality and disparities are problems affecting children and families of color in the child welfare, juvenile justice, education, mental-health, and health-care systems....

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Early Childhood Home Visiting

Melissa Lim Brodowski, Jacqueline Counts and Aislinn Conrad-Hiebner.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online February 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Child and Adolescent Social Work; Couple and Family Social Work; Social Work Practice Settings; Poverty; Social Work Research and Evidence-based Practice. 10236 words.

This chapter provides an overview of early-childhood home-visiting programs and offers a brief summary of the research, policy, and practice issues. The first section defines home visiting...

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Earned Income Tax Credit

Melinda Lewis and Sondra G. Beverly.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Social Policy and Advocacy; Poverty. 2239 words.

The federal Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) is a refundable tax credit for working families with low and moderate incomes. The credit provides a substantial income supplement to families...

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Economic Insecurity and Family Well-Being

Janice Berry-Edwards.

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

P ublished online February 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Couple and Family Social Work; Social Policy and Advocacy; Poverty. 7738 words.

Economic insecurity and family Well-Being is a growing concern for American society. With the dramatic changes that occurred following the “great recession” of 2008, and the lingering...

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