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Adam Smith and Marx

Spencer Pack.

in The Oxford Handbook of Adam Smith

May 2013; p ublished online July 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Economics; Economic History; Labour and Demographic Economics. 8279 words.

This chapter outlines Marx’s general attitude towards Smith. It argues that Marx was a close reader of The Wealth of Nations and that he generally admired Smith’s work. The chapter outlines...

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Adam Smith on Women

Maureen Harkin.

in The Oxford Handbook of Adam Smith

May 2013; p ublished online July 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Economics; Economic History; Labour and Demographic Economics. 11108 words.

Women are largely absent from the economic system Smith lays out in The Wealth of Nations. This account of women in Smith thus focuses primarily on analysis of The Theory of...

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Austin, Henry (1811/12–1861), civil engineer and sanitarian

Christopher Hamlin.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Labour and Demographic Economics; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Construction; Civil Engineering, Surveying, and Building. 734 words.

Austin, Henry (1811/12–1861), civil engineer and sanitarian, was the son of William Austin, medical practitioner, of Bloomsbury Square, London. Two sisters and at least one brother survived...

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Bader, Ernest (1890–1982), chemical manufacturer and industrial reformer

John G. Corina.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Industrial Chemistry; Social and Cultural History; Labour and Demographic Economics; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1287 words.

Bader, Ernest (1890–1982), chemical manufacturer and industrial reformer, was born in Regensdorf, Switzerland, on 24 November 1890, the youngest of thirteen children of a protestant farmer,...

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Baker, Robert (1803–1880), surgeon and factory inspector

Margaret Pelling.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Political Institutions; Public Administration; Social and Cultural History; Labour and Demographic Economics; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Surgery. 598 words.

Baker, Robert (1803–1880), surgeon and factory inspector, was born on 15 August 1803 in York, the second son of John Baker, druggist, of High Ousegate, York, and his wife, Hannah. His...

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Balme, Matthew (1813–1884), factory reformer

John A. Hargreaves.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Labour and Demographic Economics; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1060 words.

Balme, Matthew (1813–1884), factory reformer, was born in Tong, Yorkshire, on 8 July 1813, the third son of Francis Balme (1742–1819), a yeoman farmer, and his wife, Elizabeth West (d....

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Birtwistle, Thomas (1833–1912), trade unionist and factory inspector

Duncan Bythell.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Political Institutions; Public Administration; Social and Cultural History; Labour and Demographic Economics; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1154 words.

Birtwistle, Thomas (1833–1912), trade unionist and factory inspector, was born at Great Harwood, Lancashire, on 16 October 1833, the son of Jonathan Birtwistle, a calico printer, and Ann...

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Browning [née Chadwick], Ethel (1891–1969), toxicologist and factory inspector

P. W. J. Bartrip.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Political Institutions; Public Administration; Social and Cultural History; Labour and Demographic Economics; Pathology; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1068 words.

Browning [née Chadwick], Ethel (1891–1969), toxicologist and factory inspector, was born on 16 March 1891 at 36 Audlam Street, Bury, Lancashire, the daughter of James William Chadwick,...

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Bywater, (Richard) Arthur Samuel (1913–2005), munitions factory official

Anne Pimlott Baker.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

March 2013; p ublished online January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Labour and Demographic Economics; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 803 words.

Bywater, (Richard) Arthur Samuel (1913–2005), munitions factory official, was born on 3 November 1913 at 1 Teignmouth Road, Selly Oak, Birmingham, the third son of Walter Bywater, clerk at...

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Canadian Prostitution Law

Lauren Jones.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Economics of Prostitution

October 2016; p ublished online December 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Labour and Demographic Economics; Economic History. 10155 words.

This chapter reviews the history of prostitution law in Canada. It begins with a review of relevant literature on the history and policy of the sex trade in Canada, along with current laws...

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