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A. Lane-Fox Pitt-Rivers

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology.

(1827–1900) [Bi]

British soldier, anthropologist, and archaeologist often regarded as the ‘father of scientific archaeology’. He was born on 14 April 1827 at Hope Hall near Bramham...

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Abbeville

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology.

[Si]

A gravel pit in the 45 m gravel terrace of the Somme Valley, France, from which numerous handaxes were obtained by Boucher de Perthes and others from ad 1836 onwards and which...

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Abbevillian

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology.

[CP]

Now obsolete, this term was originally proposed by Abbé Breuil in ad 1939 to describe the pre‐Acheulian flint industries of western Europe on the basis of material from...

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ABC Model

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology.

[De]

A scheme for the cultural history of the British Iron Age first proposed by Christopher Hawkes in 1931, but expanded and elaborated in the late 1950s as the opening paper at a...

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Abejas Phase

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology.

[CP]

Fourth main phase of activity in the Tehuacán Valley of Mexico, dating to the period 4300–3000bc, marked archaeologically by the appearance of semipermanent villages of pit...

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Abingdon ware

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology.

[Ar]

A type of middle Neolithic round‐bottomed decorated pottery found in the upper Thames valley and central parts of England, one of the regional variations of the so‐called...

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absolute dating

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — Environmental Science.

A range of methods for determining the absolute age of an object or material, for example using radiometric dating which measures the decay product produced by radioactive decay in...

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Abu Simbel

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology.

The site of two huge rock-cut temples in southern Egypt, built during the reign of Ramses II in the 13th century bc and commemorating him and his first wife Nefertari. Following the...

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accelerator mass spectrometry

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — Ecology and Conservation.

(AMS)

A technique for radiocarbon dating in which a cyclotron is used to measure directly the number of 14C atoms or the proportion of 14C to 12C and 13C atoms in the sample....

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aceramic

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology.

[De]

A term applied to a culture, region, or period in which pottery was not made, used, or traded on a regular basis. Instead, containers may have been made from leather,...

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