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Aage Rafn

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

(1890–1953). Danish architect. One of the most accomplished of C20 Neo-Classicists, he designed the circular courtyard of Kampmann's Police Headquarters, Copenhagen (1919–24), and, with...

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Aarne Adrian Ervi

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

 (1910–77) Finnish architect, who cleverly combined the use of modern materials and methods of construction with a concern for creating a natural relationship between buildings and their...

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Aaron's rod

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

1 Ornament in the form of a staff with budding leaves.

2 Ornamented rod with a serpent twined around it, not to be confused with the caduceus.

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abaciscus

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

1 Small abacus or abaculus.

2 Square border enclosing part or the entire pattern of a mosaic.

3 Tessera or abaculus in a mosaic.

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abacus

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture — Art.

[Ar]

The uppermost member of a capital, set atop a pillar, and, on classical buildings, in contact with the bottom of the entablature. The abacus resembles in form the flat slab on...

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abamurus

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

Buttress or reinforcing wall.

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abated

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

Stone surface cut away or lowered, leaving a sculpted design in low relief (e.g. on the metope of a Greek Doric temple).

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abat-jour

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

1 Anything that serves to throw daylight downward, or in a given direction, such as a sloped or bevelled cill, or splayed jambs.

2 Skylight, set in a...

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Abaton

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

[Gr.: ‘untrodden’].

An enclosure attached to a temple of Asklepios, where patients not in a state of ritual purity could receive the deity while asleep.

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abaton

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture.

1 Inaccessible place.

2 Building containing trophies erected by Artemisia (fl. C4 bc) in Rhodes, closed to all but a select few.

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