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achievement of arms

Overview page. Subjects: History — Architecture.

Collected armorial ensigns consisting of shield of arms, crest, helm, mantling, and motto, with supporters and heraldic badge as appropriate. It is corrupted as hatchment, and this term...

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acrostolium

Overview page. Subjects: Maritime History — Architecture.

Part of the prow of an Antique warship, often circular, spiral, or shaped to resemble an animal: representations can be found on e.g. the columna rostrata.

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Aedicula

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Architecture.

(Lat., lit. “small building”), the architectural frame of an opening (door, window, or niche), consisting of two columns or pilasters supporting a pediment; more specifically a shrine...

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Aigina

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(Αἴγινα), name of both an island in the Saronic Gulf southwest of Athens and of its principal city; it was located in the province of Achaia and eventually in the ...

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Alonso de Covarrubias

Overview page. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700) — Architecture.

 (1488–1570) Spanish architect, sometimes acclaimed as a pioneer in introducing Renaissance elements, but the claim is controverted by his main work, the north façade of El Alcázar, Toledo...

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Anthemios of Tralles

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(fl. first half of C6).

Greek mathematician and theorist, celebrated for the Church of Hagia Sophia, Constantinople (532–7). He was commissioned by Emperor Justinian (527–65) to...

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Antonio da Sangallo, the Younger

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture — Early Modern History (1500 to 1700).

(1484–1546).

Also known as Antonio Cordiani, he was born in Florence and became one of the most distinguished architects of the High Renaissance in Rome in the second quarter of...

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Apameia

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Architecture.

(᾽Απάμεια) on the Orontes River, now Arab village of Qalʿat al-Muḍīq in modern Syria; capital city and metropolitan bishopric of the province of Syria II that was formed between 413 and 417.

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assembly rooms

Overview page. Subjects: History — Architecture.

Large room or suite of rooms for the reception of large parties, for concerts, dinners, balls, etc. A good example is the assembly-room at York by Burlington (1731–2). Assembly-rooms were...

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awning

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture — Maritime History.

1 Tent-like projection from the face of a building, roofed with copper, zinc, etc. imitative of the curved form of a canvas covering, and common in Regency dwellings.

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