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Abraham Darby

Overview page. Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design — British History.

(1677–1717).

The founder of the great Shropshire iron industry, using local supplies of coal and iron. He was born in Worcestershire of a quaker family, apprenticed in Birmingham,...

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acorn cup

Overview page. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700) — Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design.

Covered silver cup shaped like the cupulate involucre in which the acorn grows, usually mounted on a botanical stem. Acorn cups were popular in Elizabethan and Jacobean England.

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Adam van Noort

Overview page. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700) — Art.

(b Antwerp, 1562; d Antwerp, ?Sept. 1641).

Flemish history and portrait painter, remembered chiefly as one of the teachers of Rubens. Too little is known of the style of either ...

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agate glass

Overview page. Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design — Early Modern History (1500 to 1700).

An imitation of agate made by blending molten glass of two or more colours. The technique was known in antiquity and revived in late fifteenth-century Venice and Germany.

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Agostino Chigi

Overview page. Subjects: Art — Early Modern History (1500 to 1700).

(b Siena, 29 Nov. 1466; d Rome, 11 Apr. 1520).

Italian banker and merchant, one of the greatest patrons of the Renaissance. The immensely wealthy Chigi was the leading financier in...

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Aix-en-Provence

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Renaissance Art.

This Roman resort town became a regional capital of Gaul in the late empire. Originally under the ecclesiastical control of Arles, it became an archbishopric in the 8th century, and ...

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Alcaraz

Overview page. Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design — Early Modern History (1500 to 1700).

Spanish centre of carpet production in Murcia. Alcaraz was one of the two principal centres (together with Cuenca) of carpet production in 15th- and 16th-century Spain. The hand-knotted...

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Alejo Fernández

Overview page. Subjects: Art — Early Modern History (1500 to 1700).

(b ?Germany, c.1475; d Seville, 1545).

Spanish painter, probably of German origin, as he is referred to as ‘Maestro Alexos—pintor Aléman’. He married the daughter of a painter...

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Aleppo

Overview page. Subjects: Art — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

An ancient city in northern Syria, which was formerly an important commercial centre on the trade route between the Mediterranean and the countries of the East.

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Alfred Eisenstaedt

Overview page. Subjects: Art — Contemporary History (Post 1945).

(1898–1995)

German-born US photographer, who did much to develop the art of photojournalism, especially during his long association with Life magazine.

Eisenstaedt was...

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