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Anatolia

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — Classical Studies.

The Greek‐derived (from anatolē, ‘sunrise’) equivalent of Roman Asia Minor and modern Turkey, between the Aegean and the Euphrates.

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Apennine culture

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — Classical Studies.

[CP]

A middle and late Bronze Age culture which developed about 1600 bc in peninsular Italy with some influence from the Balkans. Characterized by the variety of its pottery types,...

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Bacaudae

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — Classical Studies.

[Ge]

Celtic name of obscure meaning applied to the peasant rebels of northern Spain and Gaul from the 3rd to the 5th century ad. After c.ad 400 massive outbreaks of revolt in...

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canabae

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — Classical Studies.

[De]

A Latin term for self‐governing communities or settlements of non‐Roman citizens within the Roman Empire. Often, but not always, based on pre‐Roman tribal boundaries,...

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cohors

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies — Archaeology.

(pl. cohortēs) In the early Roman republic the infantry provided by the allies were organized in separate cohortes of varying strength, each under a Roman or native prefect. In the legions...

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comites

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — Classical Studies.

[De]

Latin term meaning ‘companions’, referring to those who accompanied the emperors on their travels. In the military reorganization of the early 4th century ad, the name was...

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contubernium

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies — Archaeology.

(pl. contubernia) [Ge]

A Roman tent party—a group of eight men who shared a tent while the legion was on campaign, and two rooms when in barracks.

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Cosa

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — Classical Studies.

Situated on a commanding rocky promontory on the coast of Etruria, 6 km. (4 mi.) south-east of Orbetello. Excavation has revealed no trace of Etruscan Cusi, which may have occupied ...

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Cūria

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies — Archaeology.

[MC]

Roman senate house or council chamber of the governing body of a civitas peregrina, or of a community of high status.

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Germans

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies — Archaeology.

After the Celts the second major linguistic and cultural grouping encountered by the Graeco‐Roman world in northern Europe. It was the Romans' failure, between 12 bc and ad 9 (when a German...

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