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A. F. Kashevarov

Overview page. Subjects: World History.

(1809–1866),

one of the outstanding Creole explorers of Russian America—a fine example of what could be achieved by a gifted Creole commoner, even under the harsh limitations of...

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Aaron Arrowsmith

Overview page. Subjects: World History.

(1750–1823),

British geographer and cartographer. Aaron Arrowsmith published many fine maps and atlases based on the best available sources. His maps are of value to the student of...

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Abdallah Khalifa

Overview page. Subjects: World History.

(c. 1846–99)

The successor of the Sudanese Mahdi. In 1883 the Mahdi made Khalifa commander of the army, and he was largely responsible for the victory over the British at Khartoum...

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Abdullah II

Overview page. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945) — World History.

(1962– )

King of Jordan (1999– ). The eldest son of King Hussein by his second wife, Abdullah was named as heir in place of his uncle (Prince Hassan) in the last days of his...

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Aboukir Bay

Overview page. Subjects: World History.

A bay on the Mediterranean coast of Egypt, lying between Alexandria and the Rosetta mouth of the Nile. Nelson defeated the French fleet under Brueys at the Battle of the Nile which was...

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absentee landlord

Overview page. Subjects: World History.

A landowner not normally resident on the estate from which he derived income and which was generally managed through an agent. While some landlords cared for the welfare of their tenants,...

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Abushiri Revolt

Overview page. Subjects: World History.

(August 1888–89)

An Arab revolt against German traders on the East African coast north of Zanzibar. The Arab leader Abushiri (Abu Bashir ibn Salim al‐Harthi) united local hostility...

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Acheh War

Overview page. Subjects: World History.

(1873–1903)

A conflict in north Sumatra between the Dutch and the people of Acheh, a sultanate on the northern coast of Sumatra, claimed to be the first Muslim state in south‐east...

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Act of Chapultepec

Overview page. Subjects: Second World War — World History.

(1945)

An Inter-American conference, held in Mexico City. The Act of Chapultepec (1945), adopted by 20 republics, resolved to undertake joint action in repelling any aggression...

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Acts of Union

Overview page. Subjects: World History.

Laws that cemented the political union of Great Britain and Ireland. Following the complete subjugation of Wales by 1284, the Statute of Rhuddlan, never submitted to a formal Parliament,...

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