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Abdullah II

Overview page. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945) — World History.

(1962– )

King of Jordan (1999– ). The eldest son of King Hussein by his second wife, Abdullah was named as heir in place of his uncle (Prince Hassan) in the last days of his...

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al- Fatah

Overview page. Subjects: World History — Contemporary History (Post 1945).

A militant Palestinian organization. It was founded (1962) in Kuwait to fight for the restoration of Palestine to the Arabs. Al-Fatah assumed the leadership of the Palestine Liberation...

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Alexander I

Overview page. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945) — World History.

(1888–1934)

King of Yugoslavia (1921–34). Of the Karageorgević dynasty of Serbia, he tried to overcome the ethnic, religious, and regional rivalries in his country by means of a...

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Alfonso XIII

Overview page. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945) — World History.

(1886–1941)

King of Spain (1886–1931). Alfonso ruled under the regency of his mother until 1902, during which time Spain lost her colonial possessions in the Philippines and Cuba...

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Alvaro Obregón

Overview page. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945) — World History.

(1880–1928)

Mexican general and statesman. President of Mexico (1920–24), he was elected after the most violent decade of the Mexican Revolution. He succeeded in bringing about...

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Anguilla

Overview page. Subjects: World History — Contemporary History (Post 1945).

The most northerly of the Leeward Islands in the Caribbean. A British colony since 1650, Anguilla formed part of the Federation of the West Indies (1958–62) and subsequently received...

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Ariel Sharon

Overview page. Subjects: World History — Contemporary History (Post 1945).

(1928– )

Israeli soldier and statesman; Prime Minister (2001–06). He served in the Israeli army from the foundation of the state until 1973, playing a central role in the Yom...

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Arturo Alessandri

Overview page. Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945) — World History.

(1868–1950)

Chilean statesman. In 1920 he was elected President on a liberal policy, but, finding his attempts at reform blocked, he went into voluntary exile in 1924. The...

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Baader-Meinhof gang

Overview page. Subjects: World History — Contemporary History (Post 1945).

Byname of the West German anarchist terrorist group, Red Army Faction. Its leaders were Andreas Baader (1943–77) and Ulrike Meinhof (1934–76). The group opposed and attacked the capitalist...

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Baldur von Schirach

Overview page. Subjects: World History — Contemporary History (Post 1945).

(1907–74)

German Nazi youth leader. An enthusiastic Nazi while still a student, from 1933–1945 he led the Hitler Youth. In 1940 he was appointed governor of Vienna, where he took...

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