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Addled Parliament

Overview page. Subjects: World History — British History.

(5 April–7 June 1614).

The second Parliament of James I was bedevilled by controversy over the king's levying of impositions, which members feared would leave him rich enough to...

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African Association

Overview page. Subjects: World History — British History.

On June 9, 1788, a group of nine aristocrats in the habit of meeting to eat at the Saint Alban's Tavern in London resolved to turn their dining club into ...

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Anglo-Japanese Alliance

Overview page. Subjects: World History — British History.

(1902)

A diplomatic agreement between Britain and Japan. It improved Britain's international position and consolidated Japan's position in north‐east Asia at a time of increasing...

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Anthony Jenkinson

Overview page. Subjects: World History — British History.

(d. 1611).

Jenkinson, a member of the Mercers' Company, made a series of remarkable voyages to Russia and the Near East in the reign of Ivan the Terrible. His first ...

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Babington plot

Overview page. Subjects: British History — World History.

(1586)

A conspiracy to coordinate a Spanish invasion of England with a rising of English Catholics, to assassinate Elizabeth I, and to replace her on the throne with Mary, Queen of...

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Barebone's Parliament

Overview page. Subjects: British History — World History.

The nickname of Cromwell's Parliament of 1653, from one of its members, Praise-God Barbon, an Anabaptist leather seller of Fleet Street. It replaced the Rump of Chancery, but was itself...

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battle of Camperdown

Overview page. Subjects: British History — World History.

(11 October 1797)

A naval battle fought off the coast of Holland in which the British fleet destroyed the Dutch fleet. The Dutch tried to lure the British commander on to the...

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battle of Cape St Vincent

Overview page. Subjects: British History — World History.

(14 February 1797)

A naval battle off the south-west coast of Portugal in which Nelson and Jervis defeated a combined French and Spanish fleet of 27 ships. The British were...

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battle of Copenhagen

Overview page. Subjects: World History — British History.

1801.

This encounter with the Danish fleet was fought on 2 April in the narrow 3‐mile‐long King's Channel, which bounded the eastern defences of the Danish capital. These consisted...

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Battle of Culloden

Overview page. Subjects: British History — World History.

(16 April 1746)

A battle, fought on a bleak moor in Scotland to the east of Inverness, in which the Jacobite forces of Charles Edward Stuart, largely drawn from the Highland clans,...

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