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Alejandro Malaspina

Overview page. Subjects: World History — Maritime History.

(1754–1810),

Italian explorer who led a Spanish scientific expedition of the Pacific. Malaspina was born in Mulazzo in northwest Italy, the younger son of Marquis Carlo Malaspina...

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Alexander Selkirk

Overview page. Subjects: World History — Maritime History.

(1676–1721),

British seaman and the model of Robinson Crusoe in the story by the same name written by Daniel Defoe (c.1660–1731). He was born in Lower Largo, Fife, Scotland. In...

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Bartholomew Diaz de Novaes

Overview page. Subjects: Maritime History — World History.

(c.1455–1500)

Portuguese explorer who led the first European expedition (1488) to round the Cape of Good Hope, thus opening the sea route to Asia via the Atlantic and Indian...

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buccaneer

Overview page. Subjects: Maritime History — World History.

A pirate or privateer who preyed on Spanish shipping and settlements in the Caribbean and South America in the 17th century. Mainly of British, French, and Dutch stock, buccaneers made...

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Juan Francisco de la Bodega y Quadra

Overview page. Subjects: World History — Maritime History.

(1743–1794),

Peruvian-born explorer of the Pacific Northwest coast of America. Juan Francisco de la Bodega y Quadra, born a Creole in Lima, made an important contribution to the...

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longship

Overview page. Subjects: Maritime History — World History.

A Viking ship, especially a warship. They were built usually of fir planks, and differed from the vessels of the Angles, Saxons, and Frisians in having a massive vertical keel of oak...

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Louis Antoine de Bougainville

Overview page. Subjects: Maritime History — World History.

(1729–1811)

French explorer. Between 1766 and 1769 he led the first successful French circumnavigation of the globe, visiting many of the islands of the South Pacific and compiling...

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Maarten Harpertszoon Tromp

Overview page. Subjects: World History — Maritime History.

(1597–1653)

Dutch admiral, who was largely responsible for Dutch naval greatness in the 17th century. In 1639 Tromp completely defeated the Spanish fleet at the Battle of the...

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Michiel de Ruyter

Overview page. Subjects: World History — Maritime History.

(1607–76)

Dutch naval commander. He served under Maarten Tromp in the First Anglo-Dutch War and was the rival of Cornelius Tromp in the Second and Third wars. His most daring coup...

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Philippe Buache

Overview page. Subjects: World History — Maritime History.

(1700–1773),

French cartographer and the author of controversial geographical ideas. Buache was born in Paris and studied mathematics and architecture. After he met Guillaume...

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