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Aachen

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(town, palace) West central German town, known for its hot springs. Aachen’s significance is linked to Charlemagne, who created a Carolingian palace complex there, where he was buried....

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Aaron ben Elijah

Overview page. Subjects: Religion — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(?1328–69).

Karaite Jewish philosopher and exegete. His greatest work was the trilogy Ez Hayyim (Tree of Life), Gan Eden (Garden of Eden), and Keter Torah (Crown of the Law).

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Aaronios

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(᾽Ααρώνιος, ᾽Ααρών), Byz. noble family descended from the last Bulgarian tsar, John Vladislav, whose wife Maria was granted the title zoste patrikia soon after 1018 and settled in...

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Abbasid

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Religion.

A member of a dynasty of caliphs who ruled in Baghdad from 750 to 1258, named after Abbas (566–652), the prophet Muhammad's uncle and founder of the dynasty.

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abbess

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Christianity.

The head of certain autonomous houses of nuns. The title is used among Benedictines, Cistercians, Trappists, Poor Clares, and some canonesses. The earliest known instance is in 514. In the...

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Abbey of Savigny

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Christianity.

In Normandy. In 1093 Vitalis of Mortain established a hermitage in the Forest of Savigny. Some of the hermits felt a call to follow the Rule of St Benedict in its primitive strictness, and...

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Abbo of Fleury

Overview page. Subjects: Christianity — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(?945–1004),

a French theologian, author of the Epitome de Vitis Romanorum Pontificum and of lives of the saints.

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Abbo of Saint-Germain

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(9th c.)

A strange war correspondent, Abbo, a monk of the monastery of Saint-Germain-des-Prés, described the siege of Paris by the Vikings in 885–886. Having come from the west...

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abbot of Reichenau Bern(o) Augiensis

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(r. 1008–48) Music theorist and liturgist.

His Prologus in tonarium (also called ‘Musica Bernonis’), compiled between 1021 and 1036, was a popular textbook, widely distributed...

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Abchasia

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(᾽Αβασγία), northern portion of ancient Colchis bordering on the eastern shore of the Black Sea. In the 4th C. Abchasia became part of the kingdom of Lazika; it probably developed ...

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