Oxford Index Browse

You are looking at 1-10 of 13 items for:

Overview x Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) x Philosophy x clear all

Refine by type

Refine by product

 

Academy of Athens

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

Teaching college founded by Plato, around 387 bc. Although knowledge of its organization is fragmentary, it appears to have favoured a teaching method based on discussion and seminars. The...

See overview in Oxford Index

al-Shirazi, Qutb al-Din

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(634–710 / 1236–1311)

Qutb al-Din al-Shirazi received a philosophical education in which he worked with the outstanding thinkers of his time. He studied Ibn Sina with Nasir al-Din...

See overview in Oxford Index

double truth

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

The notion, formally condemned several times in the 13th century, that something may be false philosophically yet true theologically. The doctrine would have been an attempt to reconcile...

See overview in Oxford Index

Gerard of Cremona

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Philosophy.

(1114–87)

Italian philosophical translator. Interested in Arabic astronomy, Gerard removed himself to Toledo, where he learned Arabic. He translated the Almagest of Ptolemy, the...

See overview in Oxford Index

homoiousion

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Philosophy.

(Greek, of like substance)

Of similar but not identical essence or substance; a subtle compromise between the belief that the members of the Trinity are of one substance (homoousionnull...

See overview in Oxford Index

Ibn Khallikan

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(1211–82) Author of the biographical dictionary Wafayat al-ayan wa-anba al-zaman,

a historical compendium including biographies and poetry of famous persons whose date of death the...

See overview in Oxford Index

John Dumbleton

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Philosophy.

(d. c.1349)

Presumably born in the village of Dumbleton in Gloucestershire, John Dumbleton joined a small band of superior mathematicians, working at Merton College, Oxford, in the...

See overview in Oxford Index

Nicholas of Autrecourt

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(c.1300–69)

French opponent of Aristotelianism. Nicholas queried the basis of Aristotelian theory of knowledge in sense perception, and also, as Hume did subsequently, queried the...

See overview in Oxford Index

Philip the Chancellor

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Philosophy.

(1160/70–1236)

French churchman. Philip became chancellor of Notre Dame in 1217, a post largely concerned with the teaching work of the associated school. His philosophical...

See overview in Oxford Index

philosophy, Jewish

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Philosophy.

Medieval Jewish thinkers were concerned with philosophy mainly with the aim of distinguishing their own religious identity in the context of the diaspora and only secondarily to create...

See overview in Oxford Index