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abbess

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Christianity.

The head of certain autonomous houses of nuns. The title is used among Benedictines, Cistercians, Trappists, Poor Clares, and some canonesses. The earliest known instance is in 514. In the...

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Abbey of Savigny

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Christianity.

In Normandy. In 1093 Vitalis of Mortain established a hermitage in the Forest of Savigny. Some of the hermits felt a call to follow the Rule of St Benedict in its primitive strictness, and...

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Abbo of Fleury

Overview page. Subjects: Christianity — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(?945–1004),

a French theologian, author of the Epitome de Vitis Romanorum Pontificum and of lives of the saints.

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Acathistus

Overview page. Subjects: Christianity — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(Gk. ‘not sitting’, because it was sung standing),

a famous Greek liturgical hymn in honour of the BVM. It may be the work of St Romanos ‘Melodos’, but the authorship is disputed.

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Acta Sanctorum

Overview page. Subjects: Christianity — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

The celebrated series of lives of the saints, arranged in the order of their feasts in the ecclesiastical year, which was begun by the Bollandists in the 17th cent. By 1925 it had reached...

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Adeodatus II

Overview page. Subjects: Christianity — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(11 Apr. 672–17 June 676)

A Roman, son of Jovinianus, he was from youth a monk of the community of S. Erasmo on the Caelian Hill. He was elected pope in old age at a time when...

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Adoptianism

Overview page. Subjects: Christianity — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

1 The heresy, originating in Spain in the 8th cent., according to which Christ, in His humanity, is not the true, but only the adopted, Son of God. Elipandus, Abp. of Toledo,...

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Agathangelos

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Christianity.

The reputed author of a ‘History of the Armenians’. This gives an account of the conversion of Armenia and the life of St Gregory the Illuminator (q.v.), whom the author claims as a...

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Agnes of Bohemia

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Christianity.

Foundress and first abbess of the Franciscan (poor Clare) nuns (d. c.1282). A descendant of Duke Wenceslaus, daughter of Ottokar I king of Bohemia and his Hungarian royal wife, Agnes from...

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Alan of Lille

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Christianity.

(d. 1203),

poet, theologian, and preacher. He probably studied and taught at Paris c.1150–c.1185. Later he moved to the South of France and towards the end of his life entered the...

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