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Comtat Venaissin

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Judaism and Jewish Studies.

The Comitatus Venassinus, or marquisate of Provence – the county of Provence being south of the Durance – was a product of the treaties of 1125 between the count of ...

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Confiscation

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Judaism and Jewish Studies.

The Talmud (Yev. 89b; Mak. 16a) rules that Jewish courts may expropriate property and impose fines other than those mentioned in the Bible (e.g., Ex. 21.32). The source of this ...

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controversies

Overview page. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

There have been numerous controversies in the history of Judaism. In the Middle Ages for example, the Jewish world, after the death of Maimonides in the early thirteenth century, was...

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ethical Wills

Overview page. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

Instructions given in writing by a father to his children in anticipation of his death. The term ‘ethical will’, now widely used to describe published works in this genre, seems to have...

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Gershom ben Judah

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Judaism and Jewish Studies.

(‘light of the exile’, c.960–c.1030).

German Jewish Talmudic scholar. Rabbenu Gershom was held in enormous reverence by later generations and Rashi declared ‘all Ashkenazi Jewry...

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Gersonides

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Judaism and Jewish Studies.

Levi ben Gershom (1288–1344) of Provence, Talmudist, philosopher, and astronomer. Gersonides wrote a lengthy commentary on the Bible in which his general methodology is to give a list of...

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gestures

Overview page. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

Gestures and special posture in prayer are known in Judaism as in other religions from the earliest period. The biblical record refers to bending the knees (1 Kings 8: 54; Isaiah 45: 23);...

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Holy Land

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Judaism and Jewish Studies.

A name given to Palestine/Israel with reference to its having been the scene of the Incarnation and to the sacred sites there.

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homily, Homiliary

Overview page. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

The WestByzantium

The West

Byzantium

Homilies are commentaries on biblical texts read in the liturgy, in particular at the office, alongside Holy Scripture and...

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Jacob's Ladder

Overview page. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

The two main elements of the account of Gen 28, 10-22 are the divine promise during Jacob's dream at Bethel, and the sacred foundation and vow that follow it. But ...

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