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abacus schools

Overview page. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700).

From the late thirteenth century onwards, many towns and guilds paid an ‘abacus master’ to teach mathematics to a given number of boys who intended to engage in commerce or ...

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Abraham Zacuto

Overview page. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700).

(c. 1450–1515?),

the foremost writer on astronomy in fifteenth-century Castile. Zacuto was born in Salamanca, Spain, to Jewish parents. His principal work, the Almanach perpetuum...

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Absalon Pederssøn Beyer

Overview page. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700).

(1528–1575), Norwegian theological educator and humanist.

Orphaned at age six, he was raised as the foster son of Bishop Geble Pederssøn, the first Lutheran bishop of Bergen. Beyer...

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Acciajuoli

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Early Modern History (1500 to 1700).

(᾽Ατζαϊώλης), name of a Florentine banking family, one branch of which rose to prominence in 14th-15th-C. Greece; etym. Ital. acciao (“steel”). The Acciajuolis first made their fortune in...

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Accolti family

Overview page. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700).

The Arezzo family of the Accolti produced jurists, churchmen, and writers for centuries. The family had already produced several distinguished jurists when Benedetto Accolti ‘il Vecchio’...

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acorn cup

Overview page. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700) — Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design.

Covered silver cup shaped like the cupulate involucre in which the acorn grows, usually mounted on a botanical stem. Acorn cups were popular in Elizabethan and Jacobean England.

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Adam Krafft

Overview page. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700).

(Eng., Adam of Fulda; Lat., Fuldanus/Fuldensis, Crato, Vegetius; 1493–1558), German Lutheran church reformer, theologian, and administrator in Hesse.

Krafft's father, Hans, was a...

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Adam Pastor

Overview page. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700).

(d. 1560),

German Anabaptist leader, probably born in Münster; his real name was Rudolf Martens. He was principally active in Cleves (German Kleve). In 1547 he began to work with...

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Adam van Noort

Overview page. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700) — Art.

(b Antwerp, 1562; d Antwerp, ?Sept. 1641).

Flemish history and portrait painter, remembered chiefly as one of the teachers of Rubens. Too little is known of the style of either ...

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adiaphora

Overview page. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700).

A transliteration of the Greek word ἀδδιáφορα, which means ‘things indifferent’. In theological use, an adiaphoron is a rite or a practice that is not essential to the Christian faith. ...

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