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Acciajuoli

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Early Modern History (1500 to 1700).

(᾽Ατζαϊώλης), name of a Florentine banking family, one branch of which rose to prominence in 14th-15th-C. Greece; etym. Ital. acciao (“steel”). The Acciajuolis first made their fortune in...

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Alfonso Martínez de Toledo

Overview page. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700) — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(1398?–1468)

Author of the eponymous Arcipreste de Talavera (1438), a treatise in condemnation of lust, also known as Reprobaçión del amor mundano or the Corbacho, due to the...

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Alfonso V of Aragon

Overview page. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700) — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(1396–1458)

Eldest son of Fernando de Antequera (Fernando I, 1414–16) and Leonor of Albuquerque, Alfonso was a Castilian prince of the Trastámara family who acceded to the Crown of...

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Altichiero

Overview page. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700) — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(1320/30–c.1393),

Italian painter, born in Zevio, near Verona. His principal surviving works, all of which echo the style of Giotto, are a fresco in the Church of Sant'Anastasia in...

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Álvaro de Luna

Overview page. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700) — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(1388–1453),

Spanish soldier, statesman, and poet, the illegitimate son of an Aragonese nobleman. In 1420 he entered the service of King John II (Juan II) of Castile, who three...

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Béarn

Overview page. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700) — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

Region in the Pyrenees; first mentioned as a viscountcy in the Treaty of Verdun (843), opposite the county of Bigorre (both bishoprics). The first parliament (Cour Major) appeared in 1080....

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Brescia

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Early Modern History (1500 to 1700).

A fortified city and episcopal see in Lombardy. In 1426 Brescia passed from the Visconti family to Venice, to which it belonged until 1797. In February 1512, during the Wars ...

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Calais

Overview page. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700) — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

A port in northern France. Captured by Edward III in 1347 after a long siege, it remained an English possession until it was retaken by the French in 1558.

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Carrara family

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Early Modern History (1500 to 1700).

A family whose members ruled Padua from 1318 to 1388 and, after a two-year interregnum during which the city was held by Gian Galeazzo Visconti of Milan, from 1390 to ...

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Catalan

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Early Modern History (1500 to 1700).

A Romance language closely related to Castilian Spanish and Provençal, widely spoken in Catalonia, an autonomous region of NE Spain with a strong separatist tradition (where it has official...

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