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A. J. Muste

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution — Military History.

(1885–1967), minister, labor organizer, antiwar activist.

Born in the Netherlands, Muste studied at theological seminaries in the United States and became a minister in the Dutch...

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AB AKTION

Overview page. Subjects: Second World War.

Nazi codename for the liquidation of Polish intellectuals and other leaders which took place during and after the Polish campaign. It has been estimated that about 3,500 were killed from...

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ABC-1 Plan

Overview page. Subjects: Second World War.

The outcome of secret American–British–Canadian military discussions in Washington which took place from January to March 1941. The plan, which had already been recommended to Roosevelt as...

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ABCA agreement

Overview page. Subjects: Military History.

The America-Britain-Canada-Australia Armies Standardisation Program was set up under an agreement signed in 1964. New Zealand joined with observer status in 1965 and became a full member in...

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ABDA Command

Overview page. Subjects: Second World War.

Covering Burma, Malaya, the Netherlands East Indies and the Philippines (with the north-western part of Australia included from 24 January), was established on 15 January 1942 to reconcile...

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Aboriginal Traditional Warfare

Overview page. Subjects: Military History.

Combined violence with ceremony and was a significant part of life for Aboriginal men and women. The four main types of traditional warfare were formal battles, ritual trials, raids for...

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Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders in the Armed Forces

Overview page. Subjects: Military History.

Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders have participated in each war Australia has fought since the end of the nineteenth century. Aboriginal trackers were employed by the Australian...

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Abu Yusuf Ya ʿqub al- Mansur

Overview page. Subjects: Military History.

(c. 1160–1199), Almohad caliph.

Abu Yusuf Yaʿqub al-Mansur (“the Victorious”) became Almohad caliph in 1184 after his father’s death. His ambition to expand his Andalusian kingdom...

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Abwehr

Overview page. Subjects: Second World War.

(Ger.: Abwehr, defence),

the German intelligence and counter-intelligence service, 1920–45. The Abwehr served several political masters, being founded, against the spirit of the...

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Abyssinia

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Second World War.

Christian-ruled empire in the Horn of Africa and Upper Nile, whose orthodox church depended upon the patriarchate of Alexandria. Muslim expansion during the 7th and 8th centuries disrupted...

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