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Act of Chapultepec

Overview page. Subjects: Second World War — World History.

(1945)

An Inter-American conference, held in Mexico City. The Act of Chapultepec (1945), adopted by 20 republics, resolved to undertake joint action in repelling any aggression...

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airforce

Overview page. Subjects: Military History — World History.

The armed service concerned with attack and defence in the air. Aircraft were first used in World War I to locate targets for artillery on the Western Front, but from 1916 onwards they were...

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battle of Adowa

Overview page. Subjects: World History — Military History.

(1 March 1896)

A decisive defeat of the Italians by the Ethiopian Emperor Menelik II. Italy had established a protectorate in Ethiopia in 1889. In 1895 there was a rebellion and at...

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battle of Aegospotami

Overview page. Subjects: World History — Military History.

The naval battle (405 bc) fought in the Hellespont, the strait between the Aegean Sea and the Sea of Marmara, that sealed the defeat of Athens in the Peloponnesian War. For five days the...

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Battle of Borodino

Overview page. Subjects: Military History — World History.

(7 September 1812)

A battle fought between Russia and France, about 110 km (70 miles) west of Moscow. Here Kutuzov chose to take his stand against Napoleon's army. The Russian...

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Battle of Poltava

Overview page. Subjects: Military History — World History.

(1709)

The decisive victory of Peter I (the Great) of Russia over Charles XII of Sweden in the Northern War. Aided by the support of the Cossack hetman (leader) Mazeppa (1644–1709)...

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Battle of Vittorio Veneto

Overview page. Subjects: World History — Military History.

(October 1918)

The scene of a decisive victory in World War I by the Italians over the Austrians. A town in north-east Italy, it is named after Victor Emanuel II, in whose reign...

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Battles of Breitenfeld

Overview page. Subjects: Military History — World History.

Two battles during the Thirty Years War, which take their name from a village near Leipzig. The first was fought on 17 September 1631, between Count Johannes Tilly's Catholic forces and the...

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Comte de MacMahon

Overview page. Subjects: World History — Military History.

(1808–93)

French statesman. Of Irish descent, he fought successfully in the Crimea and at the battles of Magenta and Solferino in 1859. As a general in the Franco-Prussian War he...

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concentration camp

Overview page. Subjects: Second World War — World History.

Originally a place in which non-combatants were accommodated, as instituted by Lord Kitchener during the Second Boer War (1899–1902). The Boers, mainly women and children, were placed there...

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