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Aboriginal art

Overview page. Subjects: History of the Americas.

The history of indigenous aesthetic production in what is now Canada is culturally and geographically diverse, dating back several thousand years. Discussion of the topic is complex and...

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Aboriginal enfranchisement

Overview page. Subjects: History of the Americas.

For Aboriginal people, enfranchisement, first legislated under the Province of Canada's Gradual Civilization Act (1857), meant more than the right to vote. As applied to male status...

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Aboriginal games

Overview page. Subjects: History of the Americas.

For Canada's First Nations peoples, sport and gaming traditions reflected the requirements of a hunting and gathering society. Various competitions such as foot and horse racing, spear...

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Aboriginal land claims, northern Canada

Overview page. Subjects: History of the Americas.

Land claims are claims that Native peoples press upon the government of Canada on the basis of their Aboriginal rights in territories they have historically occupied. The history of these...

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Aboriginal languages

Overview page. Subjects: History of the Americas.

About 45 First Nations languages are spoken in Canada (the estimated number depends on the classification system). The languages with the greatest number of speakers (the numbers are...

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Aboriginal missions in the West

Overview page. Subjects: History of the Americas.

The popular perception of Christian missions to Native peoples in Canada is that they were one with the fur trade and government activities, a colonial imposition. Historical research shows...

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Aboriginal reserve agriculture

Overview page. Subjects: History of the Americas.

First Nations people of the 19th century were aware that new economic accommodations were required in the face of rapid environmental and demographic changes, and many were interested in...

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Aboriginal rights

Overview page. Subjects: History of the Americas.

Aboriginal people believe that Aboriginal rights were granted by the Creator and are the contemporary expression of the original sovereignty of Aboriginal peoples and their use and...

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Aboriginal spiritual beliefs

Overview page. Subjects: History of the Americas.

Many early Europeans thought that the Aboriginal people whom they met had no religion. They saw no churches, clerics, scriptures, or Sunday observances that conformed to their notions of...

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Aboriginal warfare

Overview page. Subjects: History of the Americas.

Although indigenous people normally valued peace over hostilities, warfare was a part of life among the First Nations long before contact with Europeans. Their motivations for fighting...

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