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abject

Overview page. Subjects: Literary Theory and Cultural Studies.

That which disturbs the self, by provoking either disgust, fear, loathing or repulsion. Belonging to the realm of the psychic, the abject is the excessive dimension of either a subject or...

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active and reactive

Overview page. Subjects: Literary Theory and Cultural Studies.

German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche (and after him French philosopher Gilles Deleuze) used these categories to describe two different ways of acting and—by extension—being in the world....

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actor

Overview page. Subjects: Literary Theory and Cultural Studies.

Any agent, perceptible at the level of discourse, who plays a part in a narrative. In contrast to the actant, the actor always refers to a specific individual person or thing—fate, for...

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actor-network theory

Overview page. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography — Literary Theory and Cultural Studies.

(ANT),

insists that researchers should refute all pre-given distinction between classes of possible actors, rejecting artificial divides such as local/global, agency/structure,...

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actual and virtual

Overview page. Subjects: Literary Theory and Cultural Studies.

A modal distinction proposed by French philosopher Gilles Deleuze as a replacement for the problematic real-possible distinction more commonly used in philosophy. The possible is a bad...

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affect

Overview page. Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography — Literary Theory and Cultural Studies.

A non-conscious, but intense, experience. Shouse (2005) MC J. 8, 6 explains that ‘feelings are personal and biographical, emotions are social, and affects are prepersonal’—in other words,...

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Alain Badiou

Overview page. Subjects: Literary Theory and Cultural Studies.

(1937– )

FrenchMarxist philosopher, novelist and playwright. Born in Rabat, Morocco, Badiou completed high school in Toulouse before moving to Paris for undergraduate studies at...

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Alain Touraine

Overview page. Subjects: Literary Theory and Cultural Studies.

(1925–)

Frenchpost-Marxist sociologist with a strong interest in social movements and the possibility of people-led politics. Born in the wealthy seaside resort town of...

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Alexandre Kojève

Overview page. Subjects: Literary Theory and Cultural Studies.

(1902–68)

Russian-born French philosopher and political theorist. The nephew of the great Russian painter Wassily Kandinsky, Kojève had a privileged upbringing in pre-revolutionary...

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Alexandre Koyré

Overview page. Subjects: Literary Theory and Cultural Studies.

(1892–1964)

Russian-born French philosopher and science historian. The son of middle-class importers, Koyré was born in Taganrog in Southern Russia. As a teenager, he took part in...

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