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A. Betson

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy.

(fl. 1751)

A. Betson is known only by his sole publication, Miscellaneous Dissertations, Historical, Critical, and Moral, On the Origin and Antiquity of MASQUERADES … (1751). He is...

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A. J. Ayer

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy.

(1910–1989)

British philosopher, responsible for introducing the principles of logical positivism of the Vienna Circle to British philosophers. He was knighted in 1970.

Bo...

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ab esse ad posse valet consequentia

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy.

From the fact that something exists, it follows that it is possible.

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abandonment

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy.

Term used by existentialists to dramatize the sense of loss that comes from realizing that there is no external source of moral authority, such as a God.

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‘Abbas Mahmoud al -‘Aqqad

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy.

(1889–1964)

‘Abbas Mahmoud al- ‘Aqqad was a writer, poet, historian, philosopher, journalist and translator. He was an energetic nationalist and saw himself very much as the...

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‘Abd al-Rahman Badawi

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy.

(1917–2002)

‘Abd al-Rahman Badawi was born 4 February 1917 in a village on the out-skirts of Damietta, Egypt. He studied at the University of Cairo, later teaching there and at ...

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‘Abd al-Ra'uf al-Singkili

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy.

(c.1024–1105 / 1615–93)

‘Abd al-Ra'uf al-Singkili was born in 1024 / 1615 in the coastal town of Singkel in west Sumatra, which was subject to the Aceh Sultanate, and died ...

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‘Abd al-Razzaq Lahiji

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy.

(d. 1072 / 1662)

‘Abd al-Razzaq b. Ali b. Husayn Gilani al-Lahiji was one of the major scholars of the late Safavid period. Little is known of his life other ...

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‘Abd al-Wahhab ibn Ahmad al-sha‘arani

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy.

(c.898–973 / c.1493–1565)

‘Abd al-Wahhab ibn Ahmad al-Sha‘arani was a descendent, he says, of Musa Abu ‘Imran, the son of the sultan of Tlemcen and a follower of the Sufi ...

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Abderites

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy.

Term for the two earliest atomists, Democritus and Leucippus, both of whom came from Abdera in northern Greece.

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