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A

Overview page. Subjects: Biblical Studies.

The symbol employed in textual criticism for a MS of the New Testament in Greek written on parchment in Egypt (Alexandria? Hence known as the Codex Alexandrinus) in the 5th cent. A few...

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Abaddon

Overview page. Subjects: Biblical Studies.

A name for the Devil (Revelation 9:11) or for hell. Recorded from late Middle English, Abaddon comes via Greek from Hebrew ‘destruction’. Its use for ‘hell’ derives from Milton's Paradise...

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Abba

Overview page. Subjects: Biblical Studies.

In the New Testament, God as father; in the Syrian Orthodox and Coptic Churches, a title given to bishops and patriarchs. The word comes via Greek from Aramaic abbā ‘father’.

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abbé

Overview page. Subjects: Christianity.

A French term, originally restricted to the abbot of a monastery, but in modern times applied to secular clerics in general.

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Abbé de Saint-Cyran

Overview page. Subjects: Christianity.

(1581–1643),

Jean Duvergier de Hauranne, commendatory Abbot of Saint-Cyran from 1620, and one of the authors of Jansenism. He was a close friend of C. O. Jansen, and, attracted to...

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abbess

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Christianity.

The head of certain autonomous houses of nuns. The title is used among Benedictines, Cistercians, Trappists, Poor Clares, and some canonesses. The earliest known instance is in 514. In the...

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Abbey of Beaulieu

Overview page. Subjects: Christianity.

This Cistercian abbey in Hampshire was founded and endowed in 1204 by King John for 30 monks from Cîteaux, and dedicated in 1246 in the presence of Henry III and ...

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Abbey of Beuron

Overview page. Subjects: Christianity.

The mother house of the ‘Beuron Congregation’ of Benedictine monks in Hohenzollern, on the upper Danube. The present abbey was constituted in 1863 and the monastic congregation in 1873,...

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Abbey of Savigny

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Christianity.

In Normandy. In 1093 Vitalis of Mortain established a hermitage in the Forest of Savigny. Some of the hermits felt a call to follow the Rule of St Benedict in its primitive strictness, and...

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Abbo of Fleury

Overview page. Subjects: Christianity — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(?945–1004),

a French theologian, author of the Epitome de Vitis Romanorum Pontificum and of lives of the saints.

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