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Abiathar

Overview page. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies — Biblical Studies.

A priest in the army of King David (2 Sam. 20: 25), who later supported Adonijah's unsuccessful bid for the throne against Solomon. The king (Solomon) banished Abiathar to his estate at...

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abomination

Overview page. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies — Biblical Studies.

Frequently in AV, and sometimes in NRSV, it describes an action or article incompatible with the true religion of Israel, as in Lev. 7: 18, or 1 Kgs. 11: 5 where REB prefers ‘loathsome...

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Absalom

Overview page. Subjects: Biblical Studies — Judaism and Jewish Studies.

Son of David. After the rape of his sister Tamar by their half-brother Amnon, Absalom murdered Amnon and fled the court. Having raised rebellion against his father David, he was ...

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Achan

Overview page. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies — Biblical Studies.

Son of Carmi (1 Chron. 2: 7). After the destruction of Jericho (Josh. 6: 24) some of the booty reserved for the Lord was stolen by Achan; and when the Israelites suffered a reversal in...

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Ahab

Overview page. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies — Biblical Studies.

King of Israel (c.869–850bce), son of Omri and husband of Jezebel, a Sidonian princess. He defeated the armies of Damascus and came into conflict with Assyria. The Deuteronomic historian...

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Ahasuerus

Overview page. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies — Biblical Studies.

Name given in the Hebrew scriptures to the Emperor Xerxes, husband of Esther. Ahasuerus is also the name of a king in the Book of Daniel, and is traditionally the name of the Wandering Jew.

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Amalek

Overview page. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies — Biblical Studies.

The name of a tribe that attacked the Israelites in the wilderness (Exodus 17: 8–16; Deuteronomy 25: 17–19), whose memory was to be ‘blotted out’. In the later Jewish tradition the actual...

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Apocalypse of Abraham

Overview page. Subjects: Christianity — Judaism and Jewish Studies.

An apocryphal writing, perhaps dating from the 1st cent. ad. It describes Abraham's conversion from idolatry and a series of visions seen by him in the heavens. It shows Christian...

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aqeda

Overview page. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies — Biblical Studies.

A term used by rabbis for the elaborate theological development of the Genesis story of the sacrifice of Isaac (Gen. 22: 1–19) with a doctrine of atonement comparable with that of the NT....

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Asher

Overview page. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies — Biblical Studies.

(in the Bible) a Hebrew patriarch, son of Jacob and Zilpah (Genesis 30:12, 13); the tribe of Israel traditionally descended from him.

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