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A

Overview page. Subjects: Biblical Studies.

The symbol employed in textual criticism for a MS of the New Testament in Greek written on parchment in Egypt (Alexandria? Hence known as the Codex Alexandrinus) in the 5th cent. A few...

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Abaddon

Overview page. Subjects: Biblical Studies.

A name for the Devil (Revelation 9:11) or for hell. Recorded from late Middle English, Abaddon comes via Greek from Hebrew ‘destruction’. Its use for ‘hell’ derives from Milton's Paradise...

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Abba

Overview page. Subjects: Biblical Studies.

In the New Testament, God as father; in the Syrian Orthodox and Coptic Churches, a title given to bishops and patriarchs. The word comes via Greek from Aramaic abbā ‘father’.

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Abiathar

Overview page. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies — Biblical Studies.

A priest in the army of King David (2 Sam. 20: 25), who later supported Adonijah's unsuccessful bid for the throne against Solomon. The king (Solomon) banished Abiathar to his estate at...

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Abijah

Overview page. Subjects: Biblical Studies.

The best-known of four OT characters of this name was the son and successor of Rehoboam. He was king of Judah (911–908bce), after the disruption of the state into the separate kingdoms of...

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Abilene

Overview page. Subjects: Biblical Studies.

An area NW of Damascus round Abila. Luke 3: 1 mentions that when John the Baptist began his ministry Abilene was governed by Lysanias. An inscription, dated between 15 and 30 ce, at...

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Abimelech

Overview page. Subjects: Biblical Studies.

Son of Gideon (or Jerubbaal) and a concubine from Shechem. Upon the death of Gideon, Abimelech got himself proclaimed king at Shechem (Judg. 9), contrary to the tradition in Israel which...

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Abinadab

Overview page. Subjects: Biblical Studies.

1. Man at whose house on a hill in Kiriath-jearim the ark of the covenant was lodged after its return to Israel by the Philistines; it remained there for twenty years (1 Sam....

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abomination

Overview page. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies — Biblical Studies.

Frequently in AV, and sometimes in NRSV, it describes an action or article incompatible with the true religion of Israel, as in Lev. 7: 18, or 1 Kgs. 11: 5 where REB prefers ‘loathsome...

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Absalom

Overview page. Subjects: Biblical Studies — Judaism and Jewish Studies.

Son of David. After the rape of his sister Tamar by their half-brother Amnon, Absalom murdered Amnon and fled the court. Having raised rebellion against his father David, he was ...

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