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Abiathar

Overview page. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies — Biblical Studies.

A priest in the army of King David (2 Sam. 20: 25), who later supported Adonijah's unsuccessful bid for the throne against Solomon. The king (Solomon) banished Abiathar to his estate at...

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abomination

Overview page. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies — Biblical Studies.

Frequently in AV, and sometimes in NRSV, it describes an action or article incompatible with the true religion of Israel, as in Lev. 7: 18, or 1 Kgs. 11: 5 where REB prefers ‘loathsome...

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Absalom

Overview page. Subjects: Biblical Studies — Judaism and Jewish Studies.

Son of David. After the rape of his sister Tamar by their half-brother Amnon, Absalom murdered Amnon and fled the court. Having raised rebellion against his father David, he was ...

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Achan

Overview page. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies — Biblical Studies.

Son of Carmi (1 Chron. 2: 7). After the destruction of Jericho (Josh. 6: 24) some of the booty reserved for the Lord was stolen by Achan; and when the Israelites suffered a reversal in...

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Ahab

Overview page. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies — Biblical Studies.

King of Israel (c.869–850bce), son of Omri and husband of Jezebel, a Sidonian princess. He defeated the armies of Damascus and came into conflict with Assyria. The Deuteronomic historian...

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Ahasuerus

Overview page. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies — Biblical Studies.

Name given in the Hebrew scriptures to the Emperor Xerxes, husband of Esther. Ahasuerus is also the name of a king in the Book of Daniel, and is traditionally the name of the Wandering Jew.

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Amalek

Overview page. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies — Biblical Studies.

The name of a tribe that attacked the Israelites in the wilderness (Exodus 17: 8–16; Deuteronomy 25: 17–19), whose memory was to be ‘blotted out’. In the later Jewish tradition the actual...

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aqeda

Overview page. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies — Biblical Studies.

A term used by rabbis for the elaborate theological development of the Genesis story of the sacrifice of Isaac (Gen. 22: 1–19) with a doctrine of atonement comparable with that of the NT....

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Asher

Overview page. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies — Biblical Studies.

(in the Bible) a Hebrew patriarch, son of Jacob and Zilpah (Genesis 30:12, 13); the tribe of Israel traditionally descended from him.

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Assumption of Moses

Overview page. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies — Biblical Studies.

The story of the world, written about 90 ce, in terms of conflict between God and Satan beginning with Moses and culminating in the Judgement. The work survives only in fragments, but...

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