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A. K. Ramanujan

Overview page. Subjects: Literature — Hinduism.

(1929–93),

Indian poet, born in Mysore, educated there and at Indiana University. Long resident in the USA, he was appointed Professor of Linguistics and of South East Asian...

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Abbé J. A. Dubois

Overview page. Subjects: Hinduism.

(1770–1848)

Author of a celebrated early Orientalist work on India, based on personal observation: Hindu Manners, Customs and Ceremonies (1st pub. East India Company, 1816; and...

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Ābhāsvaras

Overview page. Subjects: Hinduism.

Name of a class of 64 deities, attendant on Śiva, and associated with spiritual enlightenment.

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abhāva

Overview page. Subjects: Hinduism.

1 (‘non-apprehension’, ‘non-cognition’) Recognized as a means of valid knowledge (pramāṇa) by the Mīmāṃsā and Vedānta darśanas.

2 (‘non-existence’,...

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abhaya

Overview page. Subjects: Hinduism.

A formal vow taken by saṃnyāsins never to kill or do violence to any living creature.

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abhicāra

Overview page. Subjects: Hinduism.

The use of spells for harmful purposes.

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Abhijñānaśākuntalam

Overview page. Subjects: Hinduism.

c.4th to 5th century ce)

A Sanskrit drama by Kālidāsa, widely considered the most perfect example of the form. Based on an episode in the Mahābhārata, it tells the...

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abhimantraṇa

Overview page. Subjects: Hinduism.

Consecrating anything by means of a special verbal formula (mantra).

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Abhimanyu

Overview page. Subjects: Hinduism.

One of the Pāṇḍava faction in the Mahābhārata; son of Arjuna and Subhadrā. At the age of sixteen, he is killed in a cowardly fashion on the thirteenth day of the war against the Kauravas,...

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Abhinavagupta

Overview page. Subjects: Theatre — Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art — Religious Studies — Indian Music — Hinduism.

(c.975–1025)

Greatest of the Kashmiri Śaiva theologians. His works deal with the theoretical, yogic, and ritual

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