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Aa Gym

Overview page. Subjects: Islam.

Abdullah Gymnastiar (b.1962) is an Indonesianpreacher popularly known as Aa (elder brother) Gym. Despite minimal orthodox religious education, Gymnastiar attained national fame through his...

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Abbas Mahmud al- Aqqad

Overview page. Subjects: Islam.

(d. 1964)

Egyptian Islamic modernist thinker. Discussed place of Islam in ongoing history of religions. Wrote books about Muhammad, early Muslim leaders, and heroic days of Islam....

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AbbasI

Overview page. Subjects: History — Islam.

(1557–1628)

Shah of Persia (1588–1628). He ended an inherited war with the Ottomans by conceding territory (1590) in order to free himself to drive the Uzbek Turks from...

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Abbasi Madani

Overview page. Subjects: Islam.

(b. 1931)

Algerian Islamic activist and political leader. As a member of the National Liberation Front (FLN), Madani resisted the French colonizers. He was arrested and imprisoned...

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Abd

Overview page. Subjects: Islam.

Slave. Common element in Muslim names, followed by one of the divine names of God—for example, Abd al-Rahman, Abd al-Halim, Abdullah. Also an epithet of the Prophet. Denotes total...

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ʿAbd al- Qādir

Overview page. Subjects: Islam.

ʿAbd al-Qādir (1808–1883),was an Algerianindependence leader, Ṣūfī mystic, and poet. Born Muḥyī al-Dīn al-Ḥasanī at Wādī al-Ḥammām, twenty kilometers west of Mascara in Algeria, into a...

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Abd al-Aziz al- Duri

Overview page. Subjects: Islam.

(b. 1919)

Iraqi educator and Arabist social historian. Focuses on Arab nationalism and identity as a cultural and linguistic matter rather than an ethnic, regional, or religious...

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Abd al-Aziz Thaalibi

Overview page. Subjects: Islam.

(d. 1944)

Tunisian nationalist leader and Islamic reformer. Founded the Destour (Constitution) Party in 1920 to lead the demands for independence from the French protectorate....

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Abd al-Halim Mahmud

Overview page. Subjects: Islam.

(d. 1978)

Egyptian Islamic leader who reasserted al-Azhar's independence from outside political control. Obtained a doctoral degree in philosophy from the Sorbonne in 1940....

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Abd al-Hamid Ibn Badis

Overview page. Subjects: Islam.

(d. 1940)

Islamic reformer, national leader, and head of the Association of Algerian Ulama (AAU). Received a traditional education in Tunis and returned to Algeria to teach....

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