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ʿAbd al-Malik

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Islam.

(r. 685–705)

Umayyad caliph responsible for standardizing imperial coinage and collecting a corpus of hadith to be interpreted by appointed faqihs (Muslim jurists), causing hadith...

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Abraha

Overview page. Subjects: Islam — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

Ruled in sixth-century Yemen on behalf of the Negus of Abyssinia. Attacked Mecca in 570. His assault was, according to the Quran (surah 105), foiled by God, who sent a flock of birds that...

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Ahmad Ibn Tulun

Overview page. Subjects: Islam — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(d. 884)

Founder of the Tulinid dynasty in Egypt and the first Muslim ruler of Egypt to annex Syria. Introduced administrative and agrarian reforms, encouraged industries, and...

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al- Fustat

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Islam.

Old Cairo, first capital of the conquering Arab armies of Egypt. Built in 643 on the eastern side of the Nile River. Contains the oldest mosque in Egypt, Jami Amr. Evolved into a...

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al- Kindī

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Islam.

(c.801–c.866)

An Arab philosopher and scholar who lived at Baghdad as a familiar of the caliphs, at a time of great theological controversies and intense activity of translating...

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al- Maqrīzī

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Islam.

More fully Taqī al-Dīn Abū'l-ʿAbbās al-Maqrīzī, Arab writer, teacher, jurist, and preacher; born Cairo 1364, died there 9 Feb. 1442. In the 1420s, following a multifarious public career in...

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al- Masʿūdī

Overview page. Subjects: Islam — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

More fully Abū'l-Ḥasan ʿAlī ibn al-Ḥusayn, al-Masʿūdī, Arab historian; born Baghdad 893?, died al-Fusṭāṭ Sept./Oct. 956. Concerned with the broader theoretical implications of social and...

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al- Mutanabbī

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Islam.

(d. 965)

Also known as Abu al-Tayyib Ahmad ibn al-Husayn. Generally considered the greatest Arabic poet. Born in Kufa, Iraq. Became known as al-Mutanabbi, “the would-be prophet,”...

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Andalusia

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Islam.

Southernmost province of modern Spain whose name derives from the Arabic term for the Iberian Peninsula, much of which was under Arab-Islamic rule between 711 and 1492. This rule extended...

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Arabic Literature

Overview page. Subjects: Islam — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

[This entry contains two subentries:OverviewGender in Arabic Literature]

Overview

Gender in Arabic Literature]

From pre-Islamic poems to the contemporary novel,...

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