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Aaron Roth

Overview page. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies.

Mystical teacher and Hasidic master (1894–1944). Roth was born in Ungvar, Hungary. He studied the Talmud under Rabbi Isaiah Silverstein and Moses Forhand and came under the influence of...

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Abba

Overview page. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies.

(late 3rd/early 4th cent. ce). Jewish Babylonian amora, who later settled in Israel. He was seen as a link between the two centres.

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Abba Hillel Silver

Overview page. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies.

(1893–1963), American Reform rabbi and Zionist leader. Born in Lithuania, Silver came to the United States as a youth and received rabbinical ordination at Hebrew Union College in 1915. He...

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Abba Saul

Overview page. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies.

(mid-2nd cent. ce).

Jewish Palestinian tanna. He passed on traditions concerning the human embryo and the structure and furnishing of the Temple.

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Abba’ Mari Ben Moshe Ha-Yarḥi

Overview page. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies.

(13th– 14th cent.), Provençal scholar. He was instrumental in getting R. Shelomo ben Avraham Adret (Rashba’) to issue in Barcelona a ban on the study of philosophy for students younger ...

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Abbahu

Overview page. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies.

(3rd/4th cent. ce).

Jewish Palestinian amora. He held a prominent position in the Jewish community of Caesarea and was well-known for his generosity, wealth, and excellent...

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Abbaye and Rava

Overview page. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies.

Two fourth-century Babylonian teachers whose debates in matters of Jewish law appear frequently in the Babylonian Talmud; so much so that from the Middle Ages the term ‘the debates of...

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Abiathar

Overview page. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies — Biblical Studies.

A priest in the army of King David (2 Sam. 20: 25), who later supported Adonijah's unsuccessful bid for the throne against Solomon. The king (Solomon) banished Abiathar to his estate at...

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Abimelech

Overview page. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies.

(date uncertain, 19th–16th cents. bce).

King of Gerar, whom both Abraham and Isaac tried to deceive by presenting their wives as their sisters (Genesis 20, 26. 1–11). He also...

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abomination

Overview page. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies — Biblical Studies.

Frequently in AV, and sometimes in NRSV, it describes an action or article incompatible with the true religion of Israel, as in Lev. 7: 18, or 1 Kgs. 11: 5 where REB prefers ‘loathsome...

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