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assertion

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy — Medicine and Health.

The action of putting forward some statement or proposition as true. Also, the statement or proposition thus put forward. Frege noticed the crucial point that what is asserted can also be...

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association of ideas

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy — Medicine and Health.

(in psychology) linkage of one idea to another in a regular way according to their meaning. See also free association.

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commitment

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine — Philosophy.

In some philosophies of mind a commitment may be thought of as functioning slightly differently from a belief. One may be committed to a proposition in the sense of relying on it, or using...

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consequentialism

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy — Medicine and Health.

(kon-si-kwen-shăl-izm)

an ethical approach that stresses the importance of taking account of the objective effects or consequences of one's actions on other people and on the...

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curve-fitting problem

Overview page. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology — Philosophy.

The problem of finding the curve that best fits a number of data points. The philosophical interest lies in justifying any particular trade-off of simplicity, accuracy, and boldness, that...

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deontological ethics

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy — Public Health and Epidemiology.

Ethics based on the notion of a duty, or what is right, or rights, as opposed to ethical systems based on the idea of achieving some good state of affairs (see consequentialism) or the...

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feminist ethics

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health — Philosophy.

An approach that is critical of the prevailing focus and methods of medical ethics. In particular, it is argued that contemporary bioethics has replicated oppressive social structures,...

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generalization

Overview page. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology — Philosophy.

A remark made about all things of some kind, or typical things of a kind. In philosophy the term does not retain the pejorative air sometimes associated with it in ordinary contexts. See...

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hedonism

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy — Medicine and Health.

The pursuit of one's own pleasure as an end in itself; in ethics, the view that such a pursuit is the proper aim of all action. Since there are different conceptions of pleasure there are...

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judgement

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy — Sports and Exercise Medicine.

At different times philosophers have expressed their concern with the nature of judgement in different terms: the investigation may be called the theory of content, of belief, of...

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