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A-band

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.

Part of a muscle sarcomere that comprises several thick myosin filaments held between thinner actin filaments. It appears as a dark band when viewed under a microscope. Compare I-band. See...

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ABCDE

Overview page. Subjects: Dentistry — Sports and Exercise Medicine.

A mnemonic for a step-by-step assessment of an athlete who collapses on the field of play. A = Airway and cervical spine (ensure that the airway is clear; suspect a cervical spine injury if...

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abdominal injury

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.

Physical damage to the abdomen and its contents. The abdomen is particularly vulnerable to blows during contact and collision sports. Most blows to the abdomen result in nothing more...

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abdominal muscles

Overview page. Subjects: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery — Sports and Exercise Medicine.

Four pairs of muscles (the rectus abdominis, external oblique, internal oblique, and the transversus abdominis), often referred to as the stomach muscles, which support and protect the...

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abdominal rigidity

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.

An extreme tightness of the abdominal muscles detected when touching or pressing on the abdomen. A person's fear or nervousness about being touched (palpated) in the abdominal area may...

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abduction

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.

Movement of a body segment (e.g. arm or leg) away from the midline of the body. The term also refers to the movement of fingers or toes when they are spread apart. Compare adduction.

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abductor digiti minimi

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.

A muscle originating on the pisiform bone in the wrist and inserting onto the ulnar base of the proximal phalanx of the fifth digit. Its primary actions are abduction and flexion of the...

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abductor pollicis brevis

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine — Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

A small muscle crossing the wrist. It helps to straighten the thumb and move the thumb away from the fingers. It is attached proximally to the trapezium and scaphoid bones (origin), and...

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abductor pollicis longus

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine — Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

A muscle deep in the forearm. It helps to move the forearm sideways from the trunk. Its other actions include abduction and extension of the thumb. It is attached proximally to the...

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abilities-to-skill transfer

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.

The effect of practising an ability on the learning and performance of a skill. For example, there is likely to be some positive transfer when a gymnast who has developed the abilities of...

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