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competent authority

Overview page. Subjects: Environmental Science — Economics.

A government agency that is responsible for regulating complex things such as biotechnology, biosafety, and intellectual property rights.

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contingent valuation

Overview page. Subjects: Environmental Science — Economics.

A method used to obtain an economic valuation of a non-market good such as the natural environment. The contingent valuation method is based on the use of consumer surveys. A typical survey...

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crop yield

Overview page. Subjects: Environmental Science — Economic History.

The amount of a crop that is harvested from a given area of land (such as a field) in a single growing season, usually expressed as yield per unit area (for example, tonnes per hectare)....

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demand management

Overview page. Subjects: Environmental Science — Economics.

An approach to the allocation of scarce resources that is based on minimizing wastage, restricting supply, and educating people to use less of the resource and use it more carefully. Also...

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emission tax

Overview page. Subjects: Environmental Science — Economics.

A tax or surcharge (such as a carbon tax) that is imposed on emission sources, to provide incentives to firms and households to reduce their emissions, in order to control pollution.

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environmental audit

Overview page. Subjects: Environmental Science — Financial Institutions and Services.

An audit of the impact of the activities of an organization on the environment. Its purpose is usually to ensure that the organization has clear environmental policies, that its operations...

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grandfathering

Overview page. Subjects: Economics — Environmental Science.

In greenhouse gas emissions allocation, under the Kyoto Protocol, an approach that allows existing emitters to continue their previous levels of emissions while new sources must meet new...

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industrial countries

Overview page. Subjects: Economics — Environmental Science.

Countries whose gross domestic product and exports contain a large share of industrial production. The list of countries which could be described as industrial is continually changing. The...

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input

Overview page. Subjects: Economics — Environmental Science.

The services of factors of production and usage of fuels, materials, and intermediate products necessary for a process of production. The relation of output to the use of various inputs is...

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land

Overview page. Subjects: Economics — Environmental Science.

A natural resource employed as a factor of production. Land is used in economic activity in a variety of ways: for growing crops and keeping animals; for extracting minerals; and to provide...

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