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14

Overview page. Subjects: Genetics and Genomics.

C a radioactive isotope of normal carbon (12C) emitting a weak beta particle. The half-life of 14C is 5,700 years. This radioisotope is extensively used as a tracer in molecular biology.

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A

Overview page. Subjects: Genetics and Genomics.

1. mass number of an atom; 2. haploid set of autosomes; 3. ampere; 4. adenine or adenosine.

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A, B antigens

Overview page. Subjects: Genetics and Genomics.

Mucopolysaccharides responsible for the ABO blood group system. The A and B antigens reside on the surface of erythrocytes, and differ only in the sugar attached to the penultimate...

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AA-AMP

Overview page. Subjects: Genetics and Genomics.

Amino acid adenylate.

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ABC transporter

Overview page. Subjects: Genetics and Genomics — Chemistry.

A family of proteins that span the plasma membranes of cells and function to transport specific molecules into or out of the cell. The name is an abbreviation of ATP-Binding Cassette. ABC...

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Abelson leukaemia virus

Overview page. Subjects: Genetics and Genomics — Medicine and Health.

A replication-defective murine leukaemia virus (A-MuLV), a retrovirus, that requires coinfection of cells with a ‘helper’ virus to proliferate and to cause a rapidly progressive...

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ABM paper

Overview page. Subjects: Genetics and Genomics.

Aminobenzyloxy methyl cellulose paper, which when chemically activated, reacts covalently with single-stranded nucleic acids.

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abortive transduction

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry — Genetics and Genomics.

Failure of a transducing exogenote to become integrated into the host chromosome, but rather existing as a nonreplicating particle in only one cell of a clone. See transduction.

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abortus

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health — Genetics and Genomics.

A dead fetus born prematurely, whether the abortion was artificially induced or spontaneous. Over 20% of human spontaneous abortions show chromosomal abnormalities. See Chronology, 1965,...

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absolute plating efficiency

Overview page. Subjects: Genetics and Genomics.

The percentage of individual cells that give rise to colonies when inoculated into culture vessels. See relative plating efficiency.

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