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Amanita phalloides

Overview page. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology — Genetics and Genomics.

A poisonous mushroom which is the source of amatoxins and phallotoxins (both of which see). See Classification, Fungi, Basidiomycota.

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antibiotic resistance

Overview page. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology — Genetics and Genomics.

The acquisition of unresponsiveness to a specific antibiotic by a microorganism that was previously adversely affected by the drug. Such resistance generally results from a mutation or the...

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euphenics

Overview page. Subjects: Genetics and Genomics — Public Health and Epidemiology.

A word coined by the American biologist Joshua Lederberg (1925–2008) to describe the environmental amelioration of harmful genetic defects, for instance, the dietary management of...

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HLA

Overview page. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology — Genetics and Genomics.

Human leukocyte antigens concerned with the acceptance or rejection of tissue or organ grafts and transplants. These antigens are on the surface of most somatic cells except red blood...

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junk DNA

Overview page. Subjects: Genetics and Genomics — Public Health and Epidemiology.

A term sometimes used to refer to the majority of the DNA in most eukaryotic genomes which does not seem to have a coding or regulatory function. Like “junk,” it is of questionable value,...

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pedigree

Overview page. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology — Genetics and Genomics.

The biological relationships of the members of a family often extending over several generations. In medical genetics it consists of a diagram of a family history showing the status of...

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prepatent period

Overview page. Subjects: Genetics and Genomics — Public Health and Epidemiology.

The period in a parasitic infection analogous to the incubation period of a bacterial infection, when the parasite has invaded the human host but has not yet caused pathological changes...

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pure culture

Overview page. Subjects: Genetics and Genomics — Public Health and Epidemiology.

A laboratory culture of a single strain of a microorganism.

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reverse transcription

Overview page. Subjects: Genetics and Genomics — Public Health and Epidemiology.

DNA synthesis from an RNA template, mediated by reverse transcriptase. Since retroviruses undergo reverse transcription, they have two genomic forms: ssRNA in their virions and dsDNA in...

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salvarsan

Overview page. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology — Genetics and Genomics.

Dihydroxy diamino arsenobenzene dihydrochloride, a drug used for 30 years in the treatment of syphilis until the advent of penicillin. See Chronology, 1909, Ehrlich; 1940, Florey et al.null...

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