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A

Overview page. Subjects: Mathematics.

The number 10 in hexadecimal notation.

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A* algorithm

Overview page. Subjects: Computing.

A member of the class of best-first heuristic search techniques that attempt to find a “best” path from a given start node to a designated goal node in a problem graph. An evaluation...

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Aalen model

Overview page. Subjects: Probability and Statistics.

A linear regression model describing the manner in which the expected value of a response variable, Z(t), depends on explanatory variables X 1(t),…, X null...

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Abandonment

Overview page. Subjects: Computing.

A term used to describe the user of the Internet who stops some process they are involved in and does not return to it. For example a user who has purchased some items, partially filled...

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Abandonware

Overview page. Subjects: Computing.

Software that is no longer being sold by the company that developed and marketed it.

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abduction

Overview page. Subjects: Arts and Humanities — Computing.

An inference process widely used in artificial intelligence, particularly in expert systems and rule-based systems. In diagnosis, for example, there may be a rule like “if measles then red...

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abelian group

Overview page. Subjects: Mathematics.

Suppose that G is a group with the operation ○. Then G is abelian if the operation ○ is commutative; that is, if, for all elements a and b in G, ab=ba.

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Abel's test

Overview page. Subjects: Mathematics.

A test for the convergence of an infinite series which states that if ∑a n is a convergent sequence, and {b nnull...

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ABEND

Overview page. Subjects: Computing.

Acronym for ABnormal END of task. Normally this occurs when a computer crashes or a communication link fails.

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ablative

Overview page. Subjects: Computing.

Designating an optical recording technique in which the heat generated by the recording beam melts or vaporizes a small area of the recording medium, leaving the underlying layer (with a...

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