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Alex Salmond

Overview page. Subjects: British History — Politics.

(b. 1954).

Politician. Born in Linlithgow, Salmond studied History and Politics at St Andrews before working in banking. He was returned to the Westminster Parliament in 1987 as...

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Arthur Henderson

Overview page. Subjects: Politics — British History.

(1863–1935).

Labour politician. Brought up on Tyneside and apprenticed as an ironfounder, Henderson, then a fervent Gladstonian Liberal, moved slowly to the view that the political...

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central Europe

Overview page. Subjects: British History — Politics.

Cannot be sharply delimited on a map. Although it is situated on the east-west axis of the continent—the adjective “central” here signifies an in-between (as in Central America) rather than...

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Enoch Powell

Overview page. Subjects: British History — Politics.

(b. Birmingham, 15 June 1912; d. London, 8 Feb. 1998)

British; Minister of Health 1960–3 Powell's parents were teachers in Birmingham. He was educated at King Edward School,...

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Gordon Brown

Overview page. Subjects: British History — Politics.

(b. 1951).

Prime Minister (2007–). Born in Kirkcaldy, son of a Church of Scotland minister, Brown attended Edinburgh University, where he read history. Damage to an eye in a...

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imperial preference

Overview page. Subjects: British History — Politics.

This was a favourite nostrum of late 19th‐ and early 20th‐cent. imperialists to bind the empire together by levying lower tariffs on colonial imports than on others. Joseph Chamberlain...

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James Henry Thomas

Overview page. Subjects: British History — Politics.

(b. Newport, Monmouthshire, 3 Oct. 1874; d. London, 21 Jan. 1949)

British; Colonial Secretary 1924, 1935–6, Dominions Secretary 1930–5 The son of a domestic servant, Thomas worked...

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Jeremy Thorpe

Overview page. Subjects: British History — Politics.

(b.1929).

Politician. One of the more colourful politicians of his day, Thorpe was educated at Eton and Trinity College, Oxford. Elected to Parliament in 1959 for North Devon as a...

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Margaret Grace Bondfield

Overview page. Subjects: British History — Politics.

(b. Chard, Somerset, 17 Mar. 1873; d. Sanderstead, Surrey, 16 June 1953)

British; Minister of Labour 1929–31 The daughter of a lace worker, Bondfield left elementary school at 13....

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Opposition

Overview page. Subjects: Politics — British History.

In the UK, the principal parliamentary party opposed to that in office. The term ‘His Majesty's Oppostion’ was first used in a debate by the radical politician John Cam Hobhouse...

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