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A. R. Radcliffe-Brown

Overview page. Subjects: Sociology.

(1881–1955)

Radcliffe-Brown was one of the most influential of the founding figures of social anthropology, through his teaching in universities in England, North America, South...

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ABC TV

Overview page. Subjects: Sport and Leisure.

A US national television network broadcaster that has been one of the major investors—along with CBS and NBC—in sports programming in the USA. These three network broadcasters dominated...

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Abebe Bikila

Overview page. Subjects: Sport and Leisure — African Studies.

1932–1973 Ethiopian runner who won two Olympic gold medals in the marathon.

Abebe Bikila was born in Mout, Ethiopia. Before competing as a runner he was a member of the ...

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absolutism

Overview page. Subjects: Sociology.

A state-form typical of societies in the process of transition from feudalism to capitalism and in which power is concentrated in the person of a monarch, who has at his or her disposal a...

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abstracted empiricism

Overview page. Subjects: Sociology.

A term coined by C. Wright Mills in The Sociological Imagination (1959) to refer to the work of those sociologists who equate empiricism with science and make a fetish of quantitative...

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acephalous

Overview page. Subjects: Sociology.

A term used to describe the political system of societies without centralized state authority—such as, for example, traditional African lineage political systems (see J. Middleton and D....

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achieved status

Overview page. Subjects: Sociology — Sports and Exercise Medicine.

A high social status acquired by individual effort or open competition (for example, through winning at sport), rather than from the status the person is born with. Compare ascribed status.

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actionalism

Overview page. Subjects: Sociology.

A term generally associated with the name of French sociologist Alain Touraine, and not to be confused with the ‘action frame of reference’ (see action theory) proposed by Talcott Parsons....

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Adidas

Overview page. Subjects: Sport and Leisure.

(established 1920)

This leading global producer of sports footwear, equipment, and leisure wear is widely recognized by its trefoil logo, launched in 1972, the more geometric...

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administrative theory

Overview page. Subjects: Sociology.

An early form of organization theory, pioneered mainly by Henri Fayol (1841–1925), which was concerned principally with achieving the ‘most rational’ organization for co-ordinating the...

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