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ABC TV

Overview page. Subjects: Sport and Leisure.

A US national television network broadcaster that has been one of the major investors—along with CBS and NBC—in sports programming in the USA. These three network broadcasters dominated...

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Abebe Bikila

Overview page. Subjects: Sport and Leisure — African Studies.

1932–1973 Ethiopian runner who won two Olympic gold medals in the marathon.

Abebe Bikila was born in Mout, Ethiopia. Before competing as a runner he was a member of the ...

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Adidas

Overview page. Subjects: Sport and Leisure.

(established 1920)

This leading global producer of sports footwear, equipment, and leisure wear is widely recognized by its trefoil logo, launched in 1972, the more geometric...

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adventure sports

Overview page. Subjects: Sport and Leisure.

A term widely used but rarely defined, relating to broad and imprecise categories of outdoor activity and what are also referred to as lifestyle sports or activities characterized by...

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aeroplane racing

Overview page. Subjects: Sport and Leisure.

One of the two earliest forms of competitive sport with aeroplanes (along with record-breaking distance flights), established in France in the first decade of the 20th century. In England,...

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AFC

Overview page. Subjects: Sport and Leisure.

(Asian Football Confederation)

Formed in 1954 with twelve founder members, the federation representing the national football (soccer) associations of Asia; the first president was...

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affect control

Overview page. Subjects: Sport and Leisure.

The process, identified by Norbert Elias, whereby social constraints are brought to bear upon feelings, emotions, and associated behaviours. In the first volume of his The Civilizing...

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aggressiveness

Overview page. Subjects: Sport and Leisure.

The disposition of offensiveness, in which a forceful approach to sporting encounter is adopted in contest and competitive play, but with no intent to harm or likelihood of harming another...

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aikido

Overview page. Subjects: Sport and Leisure.

A form of Japanese martial art derived by Morihei Ueshiba (1883–1969), in part from the established and ancient principles of ju-jitsu. The term comprises three elements: ai, meaning...

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airsports

Overview page. Subjects: Sport and Leisure.

An umbrella term for the sports of hang gliding and paragliding, and nine other disciplines that are included in the portfolio of the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI,...

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