Hyperventilation and disproportionate breathlessness

Sam H. Ahmedzai and Martin F. Muers

in Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease

Published in print February 2005 | ISBN: 9780192631411
Published online November 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191730160 | DOI:

Series: Supportive Care Series

Hyperventilation and disproportionate breathlessness

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This chapter examines the pathology and management of hyperventilation and disproportionate breathlessness. It explains that these conditions are complex states and that patients with these complaints are frequently misdiagnosed. The chapter suggests that physiological confirmation should include measurement of carbon dioxide partial pressure (PCO2) and that the management of hyperventilation should include explanation and reassurance; a consideration of rebreathing, breathing, and retraining; and in some cases drug treatment.

Keywords: hyperventilation; disproportionate breathlessness; PCO2; rebreathing; drug treatment

Chapter.  7799 words. 

Subjects: Palliative Medicine

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