Language Contact in Spanish in New York

Ricardo Otheguy and Ana Celia Zentella

in Spanish in New York

Published in print January 2012 | ISBN: 9780199737406
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199918621 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Studies in Sociolinguistics

Language Contact in Spanish in New York

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Predictions are made regarding groups that should differ in pronoun occurrence rates if language contact is shaping Spanish in New York. Distinctions are made between partially overlapping but distinct groups: speakers of the reference and the bilingual lects, the first and second generations, those with greater or lesser exposure (newcomers, established immigrants, and the New York raised). Higher pronoun rates are found, as predicted, in the bilingual lects, the second generation, and those with greater English proficiency and with greater exposure. These predictions hold true as well within regional and SES subsamples.

Keywords: motivated predictions; language contact; pronoun rates; reference lects; bilingual lects; first generation; second generation; newcomers; established immigrants; New York raised; NYR; English proficient

Chapter.  8396 words. 

Subjects: Sociolinguistics

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